Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa Trade Facilitation Training Programme: Trainer’s Manual: Module 3

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26 juin 2023

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa Trade Facilitation Training Programme: Trainer’s Manual: Module 3

Nexus of migration and cross-border trade

This is one of the five modules that make up the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa Trade Facilitation and Human Mobility Trainer’s Manual. The Trainer’s Manual was developed to build the capacities of border management agents and policy practitioners in the areas of trade facilitation, human mobility and migration issues in the COMESA region. Developed under the auspices of the COMESA Small-Scale Cross-Border Traders Initiative, this curriculum was meant to underline the interrelationship between trade and migration. This particular module examines the inherent interrelationship between cross-border trade and human mobility across international borders. It reiterates that without people, goods and services would be unable to cross international borders and contribute to economic development. The module underscores the need for improved human mobility facilitation, among others, through harmonized immigration and border management standards and procedures to create trade efficiencies and prevent bottlenecks in the movement of people and goods across various international borders. This module seeks to contribute to policy and operational responses that integrate human mobility and border management into trade facilitation responses from an immigration and border management perspective.

Access all the modules here: 

  • List of tables and text boxes
  • Module 3. Nexus of migration and cross-border trade
  • Pre-module warm-up
  • 3.1. Background and context
    • 3.1.1. Module overview
  • 3.2. An overview of the regional integration context
    • 3.2.1. International frameworks
    • 3.2.2. Continental frameworks
    • 3.2.3. Regional frameworks
    • 3.2.4. Continental visa access
    • 3.2.5. Regional Economic Communities’ visa access
    • 3.2.6. Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa progressive trade facilitation processes
    • 3.2.7. Progressive trade facilitation solutions for cross-border traders
  • 3.3. Definitions of cross-border traders
    • 3.3.1. Traded goods
    • 3.3.2. Food security
    • 3.3.3. Services provided
    • 3.3.4. Categories of cross-border traders
    • 3.3.5. Immigration perspective
  • 3.4. Available data on traders
  • 3.5. Regional and national policy coherence on trade and border management approaches
    • 3.5.1. Considerations for traders (Inclusion) in the protocols
    • 3.5.2. Free movement intersection with migration policy
    • 3.5.3. Trade-related legislation
  • 3.6. Integrating human mobility and cross-border trade facilitation – six pillars
    • 3.6.1. Pillar 1: Facilitation of the movement of persons across the border through effective border management
    • 3.6.2. Pillar 2: Health, trade and cross-border population mobility
    • 3.6.3. Pillar 3: Mainstreaming gender and protecting vulnerable groups including cross-border traders
    • 3.6.4. Pillar 4: Empowering and capacitating cross-border traders
    • 3.6.5. Pillar 5: Humanitarian response – Facilitating cross-border trade in times of migration crisis
    • 3.6.6. Pillar 6: Security at borders – Ensuring the bona fide movement of goods and persons
  • 3.7. Recommendations to improve mobility across Africa
    • 3.7.1. Short-term recommendations
    • 3.7.2. Long-term recommendations
    • 3.7.3. Adopt good practices – Rwanda case study
  • 3.8. Barriers to linking migration and trade
    • 3.8.1. Perceived security threats
    • 3.8.2. Lack of resources
  • 3.9. Participant recommendations for linking migration and trade
  • 3.10. Participant action plan
  • 3.11. Module wrap-up
  • 3.12. Module conclusion
  • Module 3: Pre- and post-module quiz
  • References