Original Language
Number of Pages
Reference Number
Date of upload

26 Jun 2023

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa Trade Facilitation Training Programme: Trainer’s Manual: Module 5

Migration, trade and gender – Harassment, corruption and bribery

This is one of the five modules that make up the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa Trade Facilitation and Human Mobility Trainer’s Manual. The Trainer’s Manual was developed to build the capacities of border management agents and policy practitioners in the areas of trade facilitation, human mobility and migration issues in the COMESA region. Developed under the auspices of the COMESA Small-Scale Cross-Border Traders Initiative, this curriculum was meant to underline the interrelationship between trade and migration. This particular module speaks to the ways in which corruption, bribery and harassment, especially that of women, affects small-scale trade flows. The module examines the tools currently used to address corruption, bribery and harassment in the COMESA region, and the extent to which these tools are successful. Gender mainstreaming in border processes is also highlighted in this module.

Access all the modules here: 

  • List of text boxes and tables
  • Module 5. Migration, trade and gender – Harassment, corruption and bribery
  • Pre-module warm-up and quiz
  • 5.1. Background and context
    • 5.1.1. Overview of the module
    • 5.2. Regional and national policy coherence on migration, gender and trade
    • 5.2.1. Free movement
    • 5.2.2. Gender mainstreaming
  • 5.3. An overview of cross-border trade and cross-border traders
    • 5.3.1. Traded goods
    • 5.3.2. Food security
    • 5.3.3. Services provided
    • 5.3.4. Categories of cross-border traders
    • 5.3.5. Immigration perspective
  • 5.4. At-border challenges faced by small-scale cross-border traders
    • 5.4.1. Real and perceived cost of trading through the formal border
    • 5.4.2. Delays at the border
    • 5.4.3. Limited access to information/information asymmetry
    • 5.4.4. Lack of supportive infrastructure at the border
    • 5.4.5. Hostility, harassment and violence
  • 5.5. Implemented solutions to addressing harassment, corruption and bribery in countries of the Common Market in Eastern and Southern Africa
    • 5.5.1. Facilitating the movement of persons across borders through effective border management
    • 5.5.2. Integrated/coordinated border management
    • 5.5.3. One-stop border posts
    • 5.5.4. Cross-border/joint border committees
    • 5.5.5. Simplified Trade Regime
    • 5.5.6. COMESA Trade Information Desks
    • 5.5.7. Cross-border trader charter
    • 5.5.8. A national trade facilitation solution – Uganda Women Traders Trade Facilitation Framework
    • 5.5.9. Non-tariff barrier reporting, monitoring and elimination mechanisms
    • 5.5.10. Empowering and equipping cross-border traders
  • 5.6. Barriers to addressing harassment, corruption and bribery
    • 5.6.1. Lack of data
    • 5.6.2. Preconceived stereotypes
    • 5.6.3. Limited resources
  • 5.7. Participant recommendations
  • 5.8. Participant action plan
  • 5.9. Module wrap-up
  • 5.10. Module conclusion
  • Module 5: Pre- and post-module quiz
  • References