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27 Dec 2022

IRIS Handbook for Governments on Ethical Recruitment and Migrant Worker Protection: Chapter 2 – Implementing and improving licensing frameworks

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This resource is the second chapter of the IRIS Handbook for Governments on Ethical Recruitment and Migrant Worker Protection. It provides governments with practical guidance on how to implement and improve the administration of private international labour recruiter frameworks, with an emphasis on ensuring recruiters are competent in and accountable to ethical recruitment principles.

The chapter covers a broad range of relevant topics including: knowledge of ethical recruitment standards (information and educational options); licence application and assessment (screening process, eligibility and requirements); licence features and conditions; and accountability measures (oversight and transparency).  Guidance is intended for government officials in their capacities as regulators and inspectorates of private labour recruiters at various levels of administration (national, subnational) and across relevant portfolios (labour, immigration, consumer protection, etc.). It can be applied in countries of origin, transit and destination.

The IRIS Handbook is IOM’s flagship global guidance tool for governments on ethical recruitment and migrant worker protection. It builds directly on the Montreal Recommendations on Recruitment: A Road Map towards Better Regulation with more detailed measures for consideration, and profiles relevant concrete actions that governments around the world have taken.

  • Acknowledgements 
  • Introduction and scope 
  • 1 Knowledge of ethical recruitment standards 
  • 2 Licence application and assessment 
    • Who needs a licence? 
    • Screening process  
    • Eligibility 
      • Personal criteria 
      • Organizational criteria 
      • Negative criteria 
    • Requirements 
      • Financial requirements 
      • Disclosure 
  • 3 Licence features and conditions 
    • Licence features 
    • Terms and conditions 
      • Rules of ethical conduct 
      • Records and reporting requirements 
      • Special conditions 
  • 4 Accountability measures 
    • Oversight 
    • Transparency 
      • Requirement to post licence 
      • Public register 
      • Ranking and rewards 
  • Annex