Alleged cases of forced labour of smuggled migrants from Ethiopia, specifically those working on qat farms inYemen, gave rise to this pilot study. Titled Ethiopian Migrant Labourers on Qat Farms in Rada’, Yemen, this research investigates the situation of Ethiopian migrant labourers working on qat farms in Rada' Governorate, contextualizing it within the history of migration between Yemen and the Horn of Africa and of recent socioeconomic drivers. The study provides a profile of Ethiopian migrant labourers on the qat farms, their work conditions in this unregulated sector, the legislative framework and the risks associated with migrant smuggling. The research, however, found no conclusive evidence that the Ethiopian irregular migrants were trafficked for forced labour, although deception was an aspect of the smuggling process. The research offers a list of recommendations for the Government of Yemen, the international community, and national civil society organizations to take action and strengthen the response against labour exploitation, human trafficking and migrant smuggling.