Youth Violence and the Challenges of Violent Extremism in Zinder

Number of Pages: 
76
Year: 
2018
Available in French
Electronic copy only
Description: 

This study analyzes the linkages between urban violence, resulting from informal youth groups in Zinder, and the challenges of violent extremism in this region bordered by Northern Nigeria.

The study also identifies risk factors that can lead young people to violence, and gateways between youth delinquency and violent extremism in Zinder. It also evaluates youth's perception on violent extremist groups like Boko Haram, and the prevention measures that youths identify.

Finally, the report draws recommendations to inform public policy at the national and local level, as well as programming on prevention of youth violence and violent extremism.

Table of contents: 
  • LIST OF CHARTS AND TABLES
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • INTRODUCTION
    • THE DISTANT ROOTS OF THE EXTREMISM RISE
    • EXTREMISM, VIOLENCE AND VIOLENT EXTREMISM:
    • DIFFERENCES AND INTERFERENCES
    • SOCIOPOLITICAL DIMENSIONS OF THE VIOLENCE IN ZINDER
  • RESEARCH PROBLEM AND OBJECTIVES
    • RESEARCH PROBLEM
    • ASSESSMENT OF STAKEHOLDERS’ ENGAGEMENT INDICATORS
    • AND RISK FACTORS OF VIOLENT EXTREMISM
    • INITIAL ASSUMPTIONS, OBJECTIVES, RESEARCH QUESTIONS AND HYPOTHESES
      • Initial assumptions
      • Overall objective of the research
      • Specific objectives of the research
      • Research questions
      • Research hypotheses
      • Sub-hypotheses
    • THEORETICAL FRAME OF REFERENCE AND SOCIOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS
    • OF THE EXTREMISM PHENOMENON
      • Rational choice theory
      • “Economic deprivation” theory
      • “Social learning” theory
      • Media influence theory
      • Perceptions of injustice, crime and violence
  • PRESENTATION OF THE QUALITATIVE DATA RESULTS OF THE STUDY
    • METHODOLOGY
    • VIOLENT EXTREMISM IN ZINDER: PROCESS, FACTORS AND LOCAL PERCEPTIONS
    • VIOLENCE AS A PHENOMENON LINKED TO POLITICAL OR RELIGIOUS MATTERS
    • THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF VIOLENCE AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE IN ZINDER
    • ZINDER FACING TRANSNATIONAL FAITH AND VIOLENT EXTREMISM
  • PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF THE QUANTITATIVE DATA
  • FROM THE SURVEY
    • METHODOLOGY
    • SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SURVEYS
      • Gender and age of the respondents
      • Marital status and socioprofessional categories of respondents
    • SOCIOECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A PRECARIOUS AND DEPENDENT YOUTH
    • TRENDS AND INFLUENCES OF ZINDER’S RELIGIOUS SUBGROUPS:
    • CONFLICT OR SHOCK OF MODELS?
    • PRECARIOUS AND MIXED ITINERARIES OF YOUNG ACTIVISTS:
    • BETWEEN RELIGIOUS INFLUENCES AND SOCIAL CONTESTATION
    • YOUNG PEOPLE AND VIOLENT EXTREMISM:
    • MIXED PERCEPTIONS AND UNCLEAR MEMBERSHIP LOGIC
    • YOUNG PEOPLE BETWEEN IDEOLOGICAL OFFENSIVE AND THE APPEAL
    • OF THE EXTREMIST SPEECH: RISKS OF CONTAGION?
    • YOUNG PEOPLE AND FACTORS EXPLAINING VIOLENT EXTREMISM:
    • BETWEEN REALITY AND PERCEPTIONIMPACT OF THE MASS MEDIA AND INFLUENCE OF POLITICAL
    • AND RELIGIOUS GROUPS
    • PREVENTION OF VIOLENT EXTREMISM: WHICH ACTORS AND MEANS
    • DO YOUNG PEOPLE ADVOCATE?
  • CONCLUSION
  • RECOMMENDATIONS
    • A NEED FOR AN INCLUSIVE DIALOGUE:
    • A “DIALOGUE COMMITTEE” FOR PREVENTION
    • A NEED FOR THE STATE AND RELIGIOUS LEADERS’ PARTICIPATION
    • SPECIFIC RECOMMENDATIONS TO STAKEHOLDERS
      • To IOM and international partners
      • To the State
      • To the authorities of the regional council and the city
      • To the heads of neighbourhoods
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY
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