Original Language
Number of Pages
Reference Number
Date of upload

25 Aug 2021

Vulnerabilities and Risks of Exploitation Encountered by Vietnamese Migrant Workers

A qualitative study of returnees’ labour migration experiences
Also available in:

The qualitative research explores vulnerabilities and risks of exploitation faced by Vietnamese migrant workers during recruitment, employment at destinations, and upon return to Viet Nam.

The report captures the experiences of Vietnamese migrant workers on their journeys to most popular destinations – Japan, Taiwan Province of the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Korea. It aims to support development of strategies by State policymakers and stakeholders to further strengthen protections of Vietnamese migrant workers from exploitative recruitment and employment practices.

It is part of the wider effort of IOM to support progress towards the implementation of the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration and realization of the migration-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 

The study was funded by the IOM Development Fund and the Global Fund to End Modern Slavery.

  • Acknowledgements
  • Abbreviations
  • Executive summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Study in focus
  • 3. Migration–related laws and policies in Viet Nam
  • 4. Drivers of and alternatives to migration
  • 5. Experiences during recruitment stage
  • 6. Travel to destination
  • 7. Experiences during employment
  • 8. Return and reintegration
  • 9. Conclusions and policy recommendations
  • Glossary
  • Annex 1: Description of Nghe An Province
  • Annex 2: Details of study respondents
  • Annex 3: Policies and laws relevant to migrants workers from Viet Nam
  • Annex 4: Legal and policy framework for labour migration to Japan and the Republic of Korea
  • References