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20 Oct 2015

Sending ideas back home: Exploring the potential of South-South social remittances in the United Republic of Tanzania

While the relevance of financial remittances for developing countries is well documented and has gained attention during the last years as an important and stable source of external development, the flows of ideas, knowledge, behaviours and social capital transmitted by migrants to their families, friends and communities in their home countries, defined as “social remittances”, is still overlooked.

This study on migrants from the United Republic of Tanzania in countries of the global South, their relatives and their friends, explores the potential of social remittances. Through an online questionnaire and interviews, the study analyses how migration impacts emigrants’ behaviours, beliefs, ideas, opinions and knowledge, and to what extent these changes have an effect on several spheres of their families’ and friends’ lives back “home.” The findings of the research reveal that social remittances in the United Republic of Tanzania have a strong impact and influence on education, health, employment, business and governance.

  • List of acronyms and abbreviations
  • List of figures and tables
  • Executive summary
  • Muhtasari
  • Resumé analytique
  • Resumo executivo.
  • I. Introduction
    • 1.1 Objectives
    • 1.2 Outline of the report
  • 2. Point of departure: Human development
  • 3. Methodology and research steps
    • 3.1 Literature on migration in the United Republic of Tanzania
    • 3.2 Online survey
    • 3.3 In-depth interviews
    • 3.4 Limitations
  • 4. Previous research on social remittances
  • 5. United Republic of Tanzania and migration flows
    • 5.1 Flows of people: Tanzanian emigration and immigration
    • 5.2 Flows of money and goods: Financial remittances to and from the United Republic of Tanzania
    • 5.3 Flows of human capital: Brain drain and brain gain
  • 6. Results
    • 6.1 Background of the respondents
    • 6.2 Type and frequency of communication
    • 6.3 Push and pull: Reasons for emigrating and for coming back
    • 6.4 Communication for human development
  • 7. Concluding discussion and lessons learned
  • 8. Bibliographical references
  • Annex A : Links to research tools
  • Annex B: Questions from the online questionnaire