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22 Mar 2023

Review of the National Diaspora Policy Legislative and Institutional Framework – Zambia

The Government of the Republic of Zambia recognizes the significant contributions of the Zambian diaspora to national development, as reflected in the Seventh National Development Plan, and accordingly formulated a National Diaspora Policy. Following the successful development of the Diaspora Policy, the Government also developed a National Diaspora Policy Strategic Implementation Action Plan, 2019–2022 to guide its implementation. The Diaspora Policy Action Plan has six thematic areas, namely: (a) Diaspora Policy legislation and institutional coordination mechanisms; (b) Knowledge and understanding of the diaspora; (c) Harnessing and leveraging remittances and diaspora capital; (d) Promoting trade, investment and tourism; (e) Diaspora diplomacy, social protection and consular services provision; and (f) Building trust, confidence and patriotism. In line with the first strategic area (Diaspora Policy legislation and institutional coordination mechanisms), the Government has prioritized the establishment of a supportive legal and institutional framework, as well as enhancing coordination mechanisms to drive the diaspora agenda. Specific findings and recommendations in this report will inform strategic government interventions targeting the legal and institutional framework to operationalize the diaspora policy.

  • Acknowledgements
  • Acronyms 
  • 1. Introduction to Zambia’s national diaspora policy legislative and institutional framework 
    • 1.1. Background
    • 1.2. Objectives of the policy review
    • 1.3. Scope of the assessment report
    • 1.4. Methodological approach
  • 2. Policy objectives and measures for Zambia’s diaspora policy
    • 2.1. Introduction
    • 2.2. Diaspora Policy objectives and measures
  • 3. Review of the international diaspora legal framework and the adequacy of the national diaspora legal framework 
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. International legal framework for the diaspora
    • 3.3. Regional legal framework for the diaspora 
    • 3.4. National legal framework for the diaspora
    • 3.5. Specific findings on the legal framework
  • 4. Review of institutional frameworks and coordination mechanisms for Zambia’s diaspora policy 
    • 4.1. Introduction
    • 4.2. Diaspora policy institutional framework
    • 4.3. Findings on national-level institutional framework and coordination mechanisms for the Diaspora Policy
  • 5. Selected international good practices and developments in diaspora policy implementation 
    • 5.1. Introduction
    • 5.2. China
    • 5.3. India
    • 5.4. Morocco
    • 5.5. Africa and institutionalized diaspora engagement
  • 6. Conclusions and recommendations
    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. Recommendations for legislative reforms and administrative interventions
    • 6.3. Recommendations for administrative action on legislative measures
    • 6.4. Recommendations for institutional reforms
    • 6.5. Recommendations on coordination mechanisms
    • 6.6. Recommendations on communication and networking
  • Bibliography