Original Language
Number of Pages
114 pages
Reference Number
Date of upload

29 Sep 2015

Return Migration in Austria

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Return Migration in Austria is the contribution of the National Contact Point (NCP) Austria to the third European Pilot Study o­n Return Migration in the EU Member States, which is compiled by the European Migration Network (EMN).

Besides the Austrian NCP, country studies will be compiled by the NCPs of Belgium, Germany, Estonia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, the Netherlands, Sweden and United Kingdom. Based o­n these country reports, the Scientific Coordinator of the EMN will compile a Synthesis Report, which will summarise the main results.

The study “Return Migration in Austria” deals o­n the o­ne hand with voluntary return of persons, who make the free and informed decision to return to their home country, and on the other hand with the forced return of persons, who have to leave the country for different reasons. The Aliens’ Police Act regulates the latter with coercive measures carried out by the Aliens’ Police.

After giving an overview o­n various definitions and concepts and statistics o­n return in Austria, the study sheds light o­n the political and legal framework, the return measures in Austria and bi- and multilateral cooperation in the field of return.

  • Foreword
  • Executive Summary
  • 1. Introduction: Aims and General Overview
  • 2. Methodology, Definitions and Return Categories
    • 2.1 Methodology
    • 2.2 Concepts and Definitions
    • 2.3 Categories and Data on Returnees
    • 2.4 Forced Return
      • 2.4.1 Data of the Ministry of the Interior (MoI) on Forced Return
      • 2.4.2 Eurostat Data on Forced Return
      • 2.5 Data on Voluntary Return
      • 2.5.1 IOM Data on Voluntary Return
      • 2.5.2 Data of NGOs on Voluntary Return
  • 3. The Political and Legal Framework
    • 3.1 Political and Legal Frameworks on Federal and Regional Level
      • 3.1.1 Political Discourse and Definitions of Political Principles of Austrian Return Policy
      • 3.1.2. Legal Bases for Return
    • 3.2. Influence of European Legislation
  • 4. Return Actions in Austria
    • 4.1 Overview and General Description of Return Actions
    • 4.2 Voluntary Return
      • 4.2.1 Information Campaigns
      • 4.2.2 Incentives for Voluntary Return
    • 4.3 Forced Return
      • 4.3.1 Procedures of Forced Return: Ending of Illegal Stay and Removal Order
      • 4.3.2 Detention Pending Deportation
      • 4.3.3 Transport and removal measures
      • 4.3.4 Sustainability of Forced Return
    • 4.4 Return Assistance – Return Counselling
    • 4.5 Identification and Acquisition of Travel Documents
  • 5. Bilateral and Multilateral Cooperation
  • 6. Conclusions
  • 7. Bibliography
    • Annex I: Statistics
    • Annex II: Institutions and Organisations
    • Annex III: Questionnaire on Voluntary Return