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12 May 2022

Policy Analysis on Migration, Environment and Climate Change Kyrgyzstan

For both policy and cooperation in the area of climate and human mobility, the significant concern remains with creating conditions that enable people to have options to safely stay, to leverage the full potential benefits of dignified migration, and to avert, minimize and address displacement and related protection needs – especially as countries are faced with decisions to expand mobility options that have been constrained throughout the COVID-19 crisis. In Central Asia, migration is recognized as an undeniable source of prosperity, innovation and sustainable development, with the region remaining reliant on mobility where millions are on the move in search of better work and life opportunities, becoming a major contributing factor to economic development. At the same time, this mobility creates challenges and risks for countries of origin, transit and destination, as well as the migrants themselves. Migration is and will continue to be shaped by climate impacts and environmental degradation. These mobility-related challenges extend beyond national boundaries and need to be addressed regionally. Climate change impacts will accelerate and influence migration drivers, often by exacerbating environmental degradation in the region’s vulnerable ecosystems, including the Aral Sea, the Caspian Sea, the Tien Shan and Pamir Mountains, and the Amu Darya and Syr Darya river basins. Different types of migration are sensitive to these changes. 

  • Acknowledgements
  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary 
  • 1. The context
  • 2. Methodology for the policy analysis for the migration, environment and climate change nexus in Kyrgyzstan
    • 2.1. Identifying relevant documents legislation, policies and strategies
    • 2.2. Analysing the documents for MECC nexus-related content
    • 2.3. Limitations of the mapping exercise
  • 3. Policy situation: The migration, environment and climate change nexus in policies, laws and strategies
    • 3.1. Environmental degradation, climate change and disaster risk reduction frameworks
      • 3.1.1. Legal frameworks on the environment and the protection of natural resources
      • 3.1.2. Climate change policies within the framework of the UNFCCC processes
      • 3.1.3. Disaster risk reduction, preparedness and response
    • 3.2. Sustainable development strategy framework
      • 3.2.1. National-level strategizing for sustainable development
      • 3.2.2. Local government and sustainable development
      • 3.2.3. Urban development and sustainable development
      • 3.2.4. Sustainable agriculture
      • 3.2.5. Statistics, data and knowledge management
    • 3.3. Migration policies, legislation and strategies 
      • 3.3.1. International and internal migration
      • 3.3.2. Pastoralism and transhumance
      • 3.3.3. Contributions of migrants and diasporas – remittances, knowledge and investments 
    • 3.4. Guiding national gender frameworks
  • 4. Policy analysis: Alignment with the recommendations of the task force on displacement
    • 4.1. Recognizing the importance of integrated approaches in the formulation of national and subnational legislation, policies and strategies 
    • 4.2. Mapping, understanding and managing migration related to the adverse impacts of climate change
    • 4.3. Averting, minimizing and addressing displacement related to the adverse impacts of climate change
    • 4.4. Integrating migration challenges and opportunities into nationalplanning and communications
    • 4.5. Protection of internally displaced persons, including those displaced as a result of the adverse effects of climate change
    • 4.6. Facilitating orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration
  • 5. Conclusion
  • Glossary
  • Annex
  • Bibliography