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25 Sep 2018

Migration in Zimbabwe: A Country Profile 2010 - 2016

This Migration Profile is a repository of migration information and covers, among other areas, the institutional, policy and legal framework of migration in Zimbabwe; immigration and emigration trends in the country; irregular migration and circular migration; remittances and their development impact; and the Zimbabwean diaspora. The Migration Profile is updated annually by the Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (ZIMSTAT), with an aim to support evidence-based policy development to maximize the development potential of migration for Zimbabwe. In addition to establishing migration policy, the Government of Zimbabwe, with assistance from IOM and other stakeholders, developed this Migration Profile to support and strengthen the regulatory and institutional framework for better migration management.

  • Part A: The socioeconomic context of migration     
    • A.1. Demographic changes
      • A.1.1. Age-sex structure
      • A.1.2. Fertility
      • A.1.3. Mortality
    • A.2. Economic environment
  • Part B: Migration trends and migration characteristics
    • B.1. Key driving factors of migration and general cross-border mobility
    • B.2. Immigration
      • B.2.1. Foreign-born population and immigration
      • B.2.2. Immigration for employment
      • B.2.3. Immigration for study purposes
      • B.2.4. Forced immigration
    • B.3. Emigration
      • B.3.1. Citizens residing abroad and emigration
      • B.3.2. Emigration for employment
      • B.3.3. Emigration for study purposes
      • B.3.4. Forced emigration
    • B.4. Irregular migration
      • B.4.1. Detentions
      • B.4.2. Prosecutions
      • B.4.3. Deportations
    • B.5. Return migration
    • B.6. Internal migration
  • Part C: Impacts of migration
    • C.1. Migration and economic development
      • C.1.1. Migration and economic development in Zimbabwe
    • C.2. Migration and human development
    • C.3. Migration, employment and the labour market
      • C.3.1. Impacts of emigration
      • C.3.2. Impacts of immigration
  • Part D: Migration governance
    • D.1. Policy frameworks
      • D.1.1. National Diaspora Policy
      • D.1.2. Trafficking in Persons National Plan of Action
      • D.1.3. Draft National Labour Migration Policy
      • D.1.4. National Immigration Policy
      • D.1.5. SADC regional-level frameworks, protocols and policies
    • D.2. Laws and regulations
      • D.2.1. International laws and regulations
      • D.2.2. National-level legislation
    • D.3. Institutional framework
    • D.4. International cooperation
    • D.5. Commentary on institutional arrangements
  • Part E: Key findings, policy implications and recommendations
    • E.1. Main findings on current trends in migration, migration policies and the impacts of migration
      • E.1.1. Findings on current migration trends
      • E.1.2. Findings on migration policies
      • E.1.3. Findings on the impacts of migration
    • E.2. Recommendations regarding the migration governance framework
    • E.3. Recommendations regarding mainstreaming migration into development
    • E.4. Recommendations concerning improvements to migration statistics and the overall evidence base
      • E.4.1. Administrative data management systems
      • E.4.2. Research, data collection and information availability
  • Bibliography
  • Annexes
    • Annex I: Department of Immigration Control Interview Guide
    • Annex II: Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe Interview Guide
    • Annex III: Ministry of Public Service Labour and Social Interview Guide
    • Annex IV: Statistical tables