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15 Jan 2016

Migration Profile: Afghanistan 2014

The first Migration Profile for Afghanistan is a tool for enhancing policy coherence, evidence-based policymaking and the mainstreaming of migration into development planning.  Due to security challenges and limited institutional capacities in data collection, a lack of reliable migration data poses challenges to policymakers in Afghanistan to develop appropriate migration policies and relevant migration programmes.

It provides detailed information on the migration patterns in Afghanistan with a focus on circular migration and remittances.  

Today refugee movements no longer characterize the primary source of Afghan migration.  Migration in search of livelihoods is currently the primary reason for migration and this occurs through rural–urban migration in Afghanistan or circular migration patterns as Afghans cross into Pakistan and/or the Islamic Republic of Iran.  

The Migration Profile is structured in five main parts: Part A: Afghanistan – A Country in Context, Part B: Migration Trends and Migration Characteristics, Part C: Impacts of Migration, Part D: Migration Governance, Part E: Key Findings, Policy Implications and Recommendations.

  • List of Tables 
  • List of Figures 
  • Acronyms 
  • Foreword 
  • Country Map and Key Statistics 
  • Executive Summary 
  • Part A: Afghanistan - A Country in Context 
    • Migration History 
    • Social, Economic and Environmental Trends 
  • Part B: Migration Trends and Characteristics 
    • Immigration 
    • Emigration 
    • Irregular Migration 
    • Return Migration 
    • Internal Migration 
  • Part C: Impacts of Migration 
    • Migration and Demographic Development 
    • Migration and Economic Development 
    • Migration, Employment and the Labour Market 
    • Migration and Social Development 
    • Migration and Health 
    • Migration and the Environment 
  • Part D: Migration Governance 
    • Mainstreaming Migration into Development Plans 
    • Laws and Regulations (National, Regional and International Levels) 
    • Institutional Framework 
    • International Cooperation
  • Part E: Key Findings, Policy Implications and Recommendations 
    • Migration Trends 
    • The Impacts of Migration 
    • Migration Policies 
    • Recommendations Concerning Improvements to Migration Statistics and the Overall Evidence Base 
    • How to Regularly Update the Afghanistan Migration Profile.249 
  • References