Original Language
Number of Pages
Reference Number
Date of upload

05 May 2022

Migration Governance Indicators Data and the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration: A Baseline Report

This document analyses global, regional and thematic trends that emerge from MGI data in relation to the general commitment and the range of associated actions for each of the 23 Global Compact for Migration objectives. Grounded on the mapping of MGI indicators against Global Compact objectives, data analysis is based on MGI data collected between 2016 and 2021 for 84 countries that voluntarily conducted an MGI assessment and for which data are readily available as of March 2022. The core of the document consists of 23 data bulletins displaying global and regional summary statistics of the answers to the MGI questions mapped against the respective Compact objectives. MGI data are complemented by a series of secondary (external) variables that help contextualize MGI results. This information is complemented by “MGI data insights”, which are text boxes showing glimpses of interesting trends found in the data. Finally, qualitative MGI data are incorporated into the data bulletins by the inclusion of a series of MGI selected examples detailing relevant policies (one for each objective).

  • Foreword
  • Acknowledgements
  • Background
  • Introduction to the report
  • Migration Governance Indicators data collection
  • Methodology
  • Data analysis approach 
  • Limitations
  • MGI data bulletins on the 23 Global Compact for Migration objectives
    • Objective 1: Collect and utilize accurate and disaggregated data as a basis for evidence-based policies
    • Objective 2: Minimize the adverse drivers and structural factors that compel people to leave their country of origin
    • Objective 3: Provide accurate and timely information at all stages of migration
    • Objective 4: Ensure that all migrants have proof of legal identity and adequate documentation
    • Objective 5: Enhance availability and flexibility of pathways for regular migration
    • Objective 6: Facilitate fair and ethical recruitment and safeguard conditions that ensure decent work
    • Objective 7: Address and reduce vulnerabilities in migration
    • Objective 8: Save lives and establish coordinated international efforts on missing migrants
    • Objective 9: Strengthen the transnational response to smuggling of migrants
    • Objective 10: Prevent, combat and eradicate trafficking in persons in the context of international migration
    • Objective 11: Manage borders in an integrated, secure and coordinated manner
    • Objective 12: Strengthen certainty and predictability in migration procedures for appropriate screening, assessment and referral
    • Objective 13: Use immigration detention only as a measure of last resort and work towards alternatives
    • Objective 14: Enhance consular protection, assistance and cooperation
    • throughout the migration cycle
    • Objective 15: Provide access to basic services for migrants
    • Objective 16: Empower migrants and societies to realize full inclusion and social cohesion
    • Objective 17: Eliminate all forms of discrimination and promote evidence-basedpublic discourse to shape perceptions of migration
    • Objective 18: Invest in skills development and facilitate mutual recognition of skills, qualifications and competences
    • Objective 19: Create conditions for migrants and diasporas to fully contribute to sustainable development in all countries
    • Objective 20: Promote faster, safer, and cheaper transfer of remittances and foster financial inclusion of migrants
    • Objective 21: Cooperate in facilitating safe and dignified return and readmission, as well as sustainable reintegration
    • Objective 22: Establish mechanisms for the portability of social security entitlements and earned benefits
    • Objective 23: Strengthen international cooperation and global partnerships for safe, orderly and regular migration
  • Conclusion
  • Annexes
    • Annex I. The MGI process in brief
    • Annex II. Secondary (external) variables
    • Annex III. List of the 84 MGI countries covered in this document, by United Nations continent
    • Annex IV. Selected examples from MGI data
  • Bibliography