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29 Jul 2021

Mechanisms for Labour Migration in the Caribbean

This report provides an overview of the mechanisms that facilitate regular labour migration in the Caribbean, as these mechanisms constitute important elements in regional and national migration governance structures. This study demonstrates that while there have been significant efforts to establish regular means for labour migration in the last decade, key challenges still remain for incorporating these mechanisms into comprehensive labour migration policies, providing clear and reliable information regarding these mechanisms to migrant workers, and mitigating the different risks faced by migrant workers in the phases of their migration cycle. This report facilitates a deeper understanding of these challenges and identifies good practices and recommendations to strengthen labour mechanisms in the region as part of policies that maximize the benefits of labour migration for all stakeholders involved.

  • Foreword
  • List of tables, figures and maps
  • Acronyms and abbreviations
  • Executive summary
  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • 1. Labour migration and mobility in the Caribbean 
    • The governance of labour migration and mobility in the Caribbean 
  • 2. Mechanisms that facilitate labour migration in the Caribbean
    • Bilateral labour agreements
    • Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs)
    • Multilateral free movement agreements
    • Temporary work programmes
    • Commercial agreements with labour clauses
    • Migration channels that are used for Labour migration 
  • 3. Analysis of the mechanisms that facilitate labour migration and mobility  for the Caribbean
    • Key trends in mechanisms that facilitate labour migration in the Caribbean
    • Challenges for the implementation of mechanisms that facilitate labour migration and mobility in the Caribbean
    • Monitoring and evaluation systems
  • 4. Case studies: mechanisms through the three phases of the labour migration cycle
    • Case 1: Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program (SAWP)
    • Case 2: CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME) Skilled Nationals Regime
    • Case 3: H-2B Visas for Temporary Non-Agricultural Workers
  • Conclusions and recommendations
  • Annex: Table of international standards and good practices
  • References