Description: 

A small number of studies in Somalia have examined the prevalence and incidence of HIV among female sex workers (FSWs) and their clients in Somalia; however, the lack of clear population size estimates impedes the ability of stakeholders to undertake evidence-based planning. To ensure evidence-based policies, interventions and appropriate allocation of resources, an HIV mapping and size estimation of key populations at higher risk of HIV was conducted in Somalia.  This study established the location and size estimates of FSWs and their clients in Mogadishu, Bossaso and Hargeisa.

Table of contents: 
  • Acknowledgements
  • List of tables
  • List of figures
  • Abbreviations and acronyms
  • Executive summary
  • Background and rationale
    • Methodology
    • Findings
    • Conclusion and recommendations
  • 1. Introduction
    • 1.1. Background
    • 1.2. Purpose and scope of the study
    • 1.3. Rationale/justification of the study
  • 2. Methodology
    • 2.1. Target populations
    • 2.2. Study locations
    • 2.3. Study design and sampling technique
    • 2.4. Mapping and size estimation methods
    • 2.5. Involvement of local stakeholders and community
    • 2.6. Sample size calculation
    • 2.7. Data collection and analysis
    • 2.8. Ethical considerations
  • 3. Study findings and discussion
    • 3.1. Profile of study participants
    • 3.2. FSW population size estimation in Mogadishu
    • 3.3. FSW population size estimation in Hargeisa
    • 3.4. FSW population size estimation in Bossaso
    • 3.5. Health services’ access and perception among FSWs
    • 3.6. Clients of FSWs - Mogadishu, Hargeisa and Bossaso
  • 4. Conclusion
    • 4.1. Challenges
    • 4.2. Recommendations
  • References