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12 Feb 2024

Inclusion of Migration and Migrants in Climate-resilient Development Pathways in the Context of the European Green Deal

Enhancing the coherence between migration and climate action policy within the European Union’s internal and external policy should be a priority in the context of the envisaged green transition in the European Union. This report argues that the European Green Deal, which is a focus of this report, as well as policy frameworks that include migration to a greater extent, such as the New Pact on Migration and Asylum, should further be more strongly merged with agendas such as the European Skills Agenda or the Skills and Talent Package. Concretely, climate-resilient development should be firmly anchored in the design and the implementation of (labour) mobility schemes and attempts to reskill and upskill migrant workers – and vice versa, migration-related considerations must be integrated into the major frameworks for achieving climate-resilient development. Developing, strengthening and harmonizing talent recognition frameworks between the European Union and third-country partners can lift the pressure from the European labour market and entail lasting and sustainable partnerships. The revision and extension of European Labour Market Information Systems and investments in vocational education and training and general education with a clear focus on climate-resilient development are essential in that regard.

  • List of tables, boxes and figures
  • Executive summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Climate-resilient development: What is it supposed to mean?
  • 3. Migration, climate change and resilience – How to connect the dots?
    • 3.1. Migration and sustainable development
    • 3.2. The academic debate on the interlinkages between climate change and migration
    • 3.3. How are the interlinkages addressed politically? The examples of IOM, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the European Commission
  • 4. The European Green Deal: What is it about and what could it mean for migration?
    • 4.1. Key elements of the European Green Deal 
    • 4.2. Expectable sectoral changes of climate-resilient development: Consequences for migration and skills development
  • 5. Entry points in the European Union migration agenda 
  • 6. Conclusions 
  • Appendix: European Union funding instruments for upskilling and reskilling
  • References