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14 May 2022

The Impacts of COVID-19 on Migration and Migrants from a Gender Perspective

This research report explores and critically examines the short- and longer-term gender implications of the COVID-19 pandemic on migration and the well-being of migrants worldwide. This research report aims to inform ongoing policy and programmatic responses to the pandemic and highlights best practices and challenges. The report analyses the gender impacts of COVID-19 on different “groups” of migrants, including health-care workers, agricultural and domestic migrant workers, internally displaced persons and international students, and assesses migrant vulnerabilities as well as the opportunities for gender-responsive migration governance that have been revealed by the pandemic. The research was funded by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. 

  • Foreword
  • Acknowledgements
  • List of tables and figures
  • Introduction
    • 1. COVID-19 implications and opportunities for migrants working in the health-care sector
    • 2. COVID-19 and the intersections of gender, migration status, work and place: Focus on
    • Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China, and Ontario, Canada
    • 3. Power, protection and policy: Domestic workers in Arab States during COVID-19
    • 4. Gendered impacts of COVID-19 on people internally displaced due to disasters in
    • Latin America and the Caribbean
    • 5. COVID-19 and tertiary education: Implications for international students’ mobility
    • 6. A trifecta of responsibility: Latin American migrant women in the United States managing job loss, children’s learning and international remittances during COVID-19
    • 7. Venezuelan migrant women’s experiences with discrimination during the COVID-19 pandemic in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru
    • 8. Gendered assumptions of vulnerability: A case study of gendered impacts of COVID-19 on displaced populations at the borders of Europe
    • 9. The migration–gender–health nexus: Mental health implications during the pandemic and beyond
    • 10. Increased vulnerability to human trafficking of migrants during the COVID-19 pandemic in the IGAD–North Africa region
    • 11. Digital technology and refugees in sub-Saharan Africa during COVID-19
    • 12. Protecting migrants against the risks of artificial intelligence technologies