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20 Dec 2023

Gendered Reintegration Experiences and Gender-Sensitive/Responsive/Transformative Approaches to Reintegration Assistance

Even though the reintegration of women and girls assisted to return to their countries of origin and their gendered reintegration experiences have gained more attention, important research gaps persist. Reintegration policies and programmes can benefit greatly from studies that approach gender as a relational aspect considering the experiences of women and girls, but also those of men, boys and people with diverse sexual orientation, gender identities and expressions, and sex characteristics (SOGIESC).  

BMZ and IOM have joined their efforts to conduct a new study on gendered reintegration experiences and gender-sensitive/responsive/transformative approaches to reintegration assistance. The main objective of this research was to identify good practices and to make concrete recommendations for policy and programming on the subject.

  • Acknowledgements
  • List of Acronyms 
  • Executive Summary 
  • Introduction 
    • Objectives of the research 
    • Understanding of gender 
    • Gender-sensitive, responsive and transformative approaches 
  • Methodology 
    • Ethical and protection considerations 
    • Limitations 
  • Background Information Review 
    • Country selection and contexts 
    • Sustainable reintegration 
    • Gender and forced return 
    • Violence during migration and impacts on reintegration 
    • Gender shaping the decision to return 
    • Challenges for reintegration from a gender perspective 
    • Existent gap on experiences of returnees with diverse SOGIESC 
  • Research Findings 
    • Violence during migration 
    • Decision to return 
    • Challenges for reintegration from a gender perspective 
  • Conclusions 
  • Recommendations 
    • Economic reintegration 
    • Psychosocial reintegration 
    • Social reintegration 
    • Gender and diverse SOGIESC 
  • Annex 1: Research tools
  • Annex 2: Interviews by country