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18 Jun 2019

Fatal Journeys Volume 4: Missing Migrant Children

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Fatal Journeys Volume 4 focuses on a special theme – missing migrant children – given the growing number of children embarking on journeys that are dangerous and often fatal.  Since 2014, IOM has documented more than 32,000 deaths and disappearances during the migration journey worldwide, although the true number of migrant fatalities is unknown, as many deaths go unrecorded. Data on deaths and disappearances of missing migrant children tend to be even more limited. According to IOM’s Missing Migrants Project, nearly 1,600 children have been reported dead or missing since 2014.

This report discusses why it is often difficult to find data on missing migrants disaggregated by age. It explores what measures could be taken to improve data on missing migrant children, to help improve policy options and to prevent these tragedies from occurring. The report is a contribution to the joint efforts of UNICEF, UNHCR, IOM, Eurostat and OECD to improve data on migrant and refugee children. Without better data on missing migrants, any policy understanding of children’s migration journeys and the risks and vulnerabilities they face will remain incomplete.

  • Acknowledgements
  • List of figures and text boxes
  • Executive summary
  • Introduction by Julia Black
  • Chapter 1: Missing Migrants Project data: A global overview by Marta Sánchez Dionis and Kate Dearden
    • 1.1. Introduction
    • 1.2. Missing Migrants Project: Definitions, data sources and regional approaches
    • 1.3. Child migrants
    • 1.4. Overview of migrant deaths recorded in 2018
    • 1.5. Update: MMP data in the first quarter of 2019
    • 1.6. Conclusion
  • Chapter 2: Vulnerabilities of migrant and forcibly displaced children by Claus Bech Hansen, Jan Beise and Danzhen You
    • 2.1. Introduction
    • 2.2. Risks and vulnerability of migrant and forcibly displaced children
    • 2.3. Counting uprooted and invisible children
    • 2.4. Conclusion and recommendations
  • Chapter 3: Legal obligations of States with regard to child migrant deaths and disappearances by Jacqueline Bhabha
    • 3.1. Introduction: General obligations of States to protect children on the move
    • 3.2. Obligations of States regarding child migrant deaths and disappearances
    • 3.3. Objective 8 of Global Compact for Migration: Save lives and establish coordinated international efforts on missing migrants
    • 3.4. Conclusion: Summarizing findings and recommendations
  • Chapter 4: Ethical considerations surrounding research on missing migrant children by Samuel Okyere
    • 4.1. Introduction
    • 4.2. Children’s migration: Challenges and risks
    • 4.3. The ethics of research on missing child migrants
    • 4.4. Conclusion and recommendations
  • Chapter 5: Conclusion: Taking stock of a complex issue – the next steps by Ann Singleton
    • 5.1. What is known
    • 5.2. What needs to be done and how to do it
    • 5.3. The way forward
  • Annex 1: The Mytilini Declaration for the Dignified Treatment of all Missing and Deceased Persons and their Families