Original Language
Number of Pages
Reference Number
Date of upload

09 May 2017

Enhancing the Safety and Sustainability of the Return and Reintegration of Victims of Trafficking

Enhancing the Safety and Sustainability of the Return and Reintegration of Victims of Trafficking

Also available in:

This report follows on from the implementation of two distinct but complementary European Union-funded projects implemented by the International Organization for Migration (IOM): Coordinated Approach for the REintegration of victims of trafficking returning voluntarily to any third country (CARE project) and Transnational ACtion – Safe and sustainable return and reintegration for victims of Trafficking returning voluntarily to priority countries: Albania, Morocco and Ukraine (TACT project). 

The two projects involved a total of nine European Union Member States – Austria, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom – committed to improving the return and reintegration programmes available for victims of trafficking, in order to make the process safer and more sustainable, as well as reduce the risks of re-trafficking. Bearing this objective in mind, IOM endeavoured through the implementation of both projects to develop, implement and fine-tune standard operating procedures for the return and reintegration of victims of trafficking, ensuring a continuum of care.

This joint report aims to gather and share the lessons learned through the implementation of both projects, suggesting a way forward for the establishment of transnational referral mechanisms between European Union Member States and third countries. The issue of transnational referral mechanisms is a key priority in the current European Union anti-trafficking efforts, as mentioned in the European Union Anti-trafficking Strategy for the period 2012–2016.

  • List of acronyms 
  • Introduction 
    • Trafficking in human beings 
      • Chart 1 – What is human trafficking? 
      • Chart 2 – IOM Infographic on trafficked persons assisted, 2014 
    • Voluntary return 
    • Assisting victims of trafficking willing to return voluntarily to their country of origin 
    • The EU Strategy on THB 2012–2016 
  • The CARE and TACT projects 
    • Coordinated approach for the Reintegration of victims of trafficking (CARE project) 
      • Chart 3 – CARE Standard Operating Procedure Scheme 
    • Transnational action – safe and sustainable Return and Reintegration for victims of trafficking (TACT PROJECT) 
    • Statistical overview and beneficiaries profiles 
  • Lessons learnt from the CARE project: how to enhance the continuum of CARE for returning VoTs? 
    • Screening interview, referral and risk and needs assessment 
    • Post arrival assistance 
    • Monitoring 
  • Going a step further: the development of transnational referral mechanisms 
    • What is a Transnational Referral Mechanism and why is it needed? 
      • Definition 
      • Rationale 
    • How to establish TRMs? 
      • Challenges identified 
      • Transnational multi-stakeholders coordination process: how to link different NRMs? 
  • Conclusions 
  • Bibliography 
  • Annexes