In the context of assisting in the transition and recovery of conflict affected societies and communities, IOM has supported disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) programmes for ex-combatants/fighters and their communities of return, through more than 120 projects over the last 25 years. Primarily comprised of reintegration-related work, these projects have been spread across more than 30 countries, with particularly extensive work in Colombia and sub-Saharan Africa.
IOM’s involvement in DDR derives from the Organization’s commitment to the prevention and resolution of conflict as a principle driver of crisis induced displacement. DDR programming not only addresses the causes and consequences of conflict, as critical instigators of displacement, but helps create conditions for the progressive resolution of displacement situations and the prevention of future displacement.
This Compendium presents a selection of IOM’s DDR portfolio between 2010 and 2017, embedded within a broader, theoretical framework. The document is structured in two parts. The first part outlines the theoretical context and the second presents IOM’s DDR and DDR-related programmes between 2010 and 2017. These projects reflect the evolution of DDR, presented in three distinct ‘generations’ of work, which accordingly map to different contexts, project approaches and beneficiaries.