04 Mar 2022
Diasporas as Key Actors for Change: A Fresh Perspective on Development Cooperation
This analysis investigates the needs, ambitions and perceived limits of migrant and diaspora associations in Italy with respect to their role as co-development actors.
Migrant associations have formally integrated into the cooperation ecosystem with their legal recognition in 2014 as key actors in development cooperation. However, various factors and conditions still hinder such associations from participating fully and effectively in co-development. To this end, this research analyses the political, social and economic dynamics that influence and structure diaspora associations’ engagement in development cooperation.
This study draws on political economy analysis as a method for analysing the behaviour of diaspora associations and their members within the sociopolitical and economic contexts in which they operate.
By considering both internal and external challenges and opportunities, this research identifies and suggests specific areas of intervention and key actions aimed at fostering and encouraging migrant associations to take lead roles in co-development and international cooperation.
The study was carried out in collaboration with the Italian Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI) (Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale).
- 1. INTRODUCTION
- 1.1 Methodology
- 2. DIASPORAS: THE CONTEXT IN ITALY
- 2.1 Diaspora associations: how many and where
- 2.2 Diasporas and Italian cooperation
- 3. COOPERATION ECOSYSTEM: KEY ACTORS
- 3.1 Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Italian Agency for Development Cooperation, and the public sector
- 3.2 Intermediary institutions: Italian National Council for Development Cooperation and Diaspora Summit
- 3.3 Foreign diplomatic missions in Italy
- 3.4 International organizations
- 3.5 Local administrations
- 3.6 Non-governmental organizations (NGOs)
- 4. DIASPORAS AND THEIR ASSOCIATIONS: AN IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS
- 4.1 Challenges
- 4.2 Opportunities
- 5. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS