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27 Aug 2019

Assessment of Borno and Adamawa States for the Project on Strengthening Response Mechanisms and Accountability to Gender-Based Violence and Trafficking in Persons in North-East Nigeria

Under the framework of the technical working group on Engaging the Security Sector on Gender-based Violence (GBV), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) is implementing a project on strengthening response mechanisms and accountability to GBV and trafficking in persons (TIP) in North-East Nigeria, with focus on the Nigeria Police Force and Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps in Borno and Adamawa states. IOM carried out an in-depth assessment in October–November 2018 to map and assess training needs and existing internal mechanisms in addressing GBV, TIP and sexual exploitation and abuse. Recommendations made in the assessment report were tailored to the development of the training of trainers manual for law enforcement agencies. 

  • Acronyms and abbreviations 
  • 1. Background 
  • 2. Aim of the assessment 
  • 3. Methodology and description of the assessment 
  • 4. The legal system in Nigeria 
    • 4.1. The legal framework governing gender-based violence in Nigeria 
      • 4.1.1. The Constitution 
      • 4.1.2. The Penal Code 
      • 4.1.3. The Violence Against Persons (Prohibition Act) of 2015 
      • 4.1.4. The Child’s Right Act, 2003 
      • 4.1.5. The Gender and Equal Opportunities Bill 
  • 5. Assessment findings related to gender-based violence 
  • 6. Procedures and service provision 
    • 6.1. The police force: Roles and responsibilities 
      • 6.1.1. Capacity of the police to deal with gender-based violence cases 
    • 6.2. Legal aid services 
    • 6.3. Perception towards access to security and legal services 
    • 6.4. Medical services 
  • 7. Trafficking in persons 
    • 7.1. The legal framework governing trafficking in persons in Nigeria 
      • 7.1.1. The Constitution of Nigeria, 1999 
      • 7.1.2. The Penal Code Act of 1960 
      • 7.1.3. The Immigration Act of 1963 
      • 7.1.4. The Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) Enforcement and Administration Act, 2003 
      • 7.1.5. The NAPTIP Act of 2015 
      • 7.1.6. The Child Rights Act of 2003 
    • 7.2. Assessment findings relating to trafficking in persons 
      • 7.2.1. Human trafficking situation in Adamawa 
      • 7.2.2. Factors that exacerbate exposure of people to human trafficking 
  • 8. Recommendations 
    • 8.1. Recommendations relating to gender-based violence and trafficking in persons 
    • 8.2. Training needs with regards to gender-based violence 
    • 8.3. Operational interventions required for training on gender-based violence 
    • 8.4. Training needs with regards to trafficking in persons 
    • 8.5. Operational interventions required for training on trafficking 
    • 8.6. Recommendations for procedural enhancements 
    • 8.7. Recommendations for community engagements and sensitization 
  • Works cited 
  • Annex 1: List of key informants in Borno 
  • Annex 2: List of key informants in Adamawa