Assessment Report: Mainstreaming Migration into Rural and Urban Development in Madagascar 2019

Original Language
English
Number of Pages
40
Reference Number
PUB2020/047/EL
Date of upload

23 juin 2021

Assessment Report: Mainstreaming Migration into Rural and Urban Development in Madagascar 2019

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Unemployment, lack of basic resources, and environmental changes are some of the main drivers of migration in Madagascar, resulting in complex migration trends both internally and transnationally. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, internal migration has been a key livelihood strategy and feature of Malagasy society. Internal migration in Madagascar, in contrast to other African countries, predominantly takes place between rural areas (both across and within regions), with 70 per cent of the population working in agriculture.

This assessment of the extent of migration mainstreaming into international cooperation and development in the rural and urban development sectors in Madagascar was undertaken in the framework of the IOM Mainstreaming Migration into International Cooperation and Development (MMICD) Project, funded by the European Union. The assessment comprises: (a) an analysis of Madagascar’s migration, displacement, and rural and urban development dynamics and governance arrangements; (b) an analysis of the extent to which the issue of migration and displacement is considered in rural and urban development policies and programmes; and (c) a set of conclusions and recommendations for successfully mainstreaming migration and displacement into the rural and urban development sectors of Madagascar.

  • ACRONYMS 
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    • Overview 
    • Migration situation analysis 
    • Migration mainstreaming analysis 
    • Recommendations 
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
    • 1.1 Objective of the assessment 
    • 1.2 Methodology
  • 2. MIGRATION SITUATION ANALYSIS
    • 2.1 Immigration
    • 2.2 Emigration 
    • 2.3 Internal migration
    • 2.3.1 Rural–rural migration 
    • 2.3.2 Rural–urban migration
    • 2.4 Forced displacement and trafficking in persons 
  • 3. MIGRATION MAINSTREAMING ANALYSIS 
    • 3.1 Migration policy
    • 3.2 Migration in development policy
    • 3.2.1 Development plans 
    • 3.3 Migration in sector policies
    • 3.3.1 Policies and programmes 
    • 3.3.2 Mainstreaming capacities 
  • 4. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 
    • 4.1 Conclusion 1: On internal migration and displacement data and policymaking
    • 4.2 Conclusion 2: On inter-institutional coordination and migration mainstreaming
    • 4.3 Conclusion 3: On migration in development planning and rural and urban development policies
    • 4.4 Conclusion 4: On the linkages between migration, displacement, and rural and urban development
    • 4.5 Conclusion 5: On addressing internal migration and displacement in origin and destination communities
  • ANNEXES 
    • Annex 1: Key legislative and policy documents 
    • Annex 2: Stakeholder map
    • Annex 3: Interview guide
    • Annex 4: Stakeholders consulted 
    • Annex 5: Workshop terms of reference 
    • Annex 6: Migration-related international instruments ratified by Madagascar 
    • Annex 7: Migration data sources for Madagascar 
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY