Assessment Report: Mainstreaming Migration into Employment and Urban Development in Ecuador 2019

Original Language
English
Number of Pages
52
Reference Number
PUB2020/046/EL
Date of upload

23 juin 2021

Assessment Report: Mainstreaming Migration into Employment and Urban Development in Ecuador 2019

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Ecuador has seen a significant increase in international immigration in recent years. The Venezuelan refugee and migrant crisis, in particular, has significantly impacted regional migration trends and national priorities. Consequently, Ecuador faces challenges in managing the inflow of migrants (including forcibly displaced persons and migrants in vulnerable situations) through border-crossing points and towards the cities.

This assessment, undertaken within the framework of the IOM Mainstreaming Migration into the International Cooperation and Development (MMICD) Project funded by the European Union, highlights several opportunities to mainstream migration and displacement into employment and urban development. The assessment comprises: (a) an analysis of Ecuador’s migration, employment, and urban development dynamics and governance arrangements; (b) an analysis of the extent to which the issue of migration and displacement is integrated into employment and urban development policies and programmes; and (c) a set of conclusions and recommendations for successfully mainstreaming migration and displacement into the employment and urban development sectors of Ecuador.

  • ACRONYMS
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    • Overview
    • Migration situation analysis
    • Migration and employment analysis
    • Migration and urban development analysis
    • Migration mainstreaming analysis
    • Recommendations
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
    • 1.1. Objective of the assessment
    • 1.2. Methodology
  • 2. MIGRATION SITUATION ANALYSIS
    • 2.1. Immigration
    • 2.2. Emigration, diaspora, remittances
      • 2.2.1. Return migration
    • 2.3. Forced displacement
      • 2.3.1. The Venezuelan crisis
  • 3. MIGRATION MAINSTREAMING ANALYSIS
    • 3.1. Migration governance
      • 3.1.1. International frameworks
      • 3.1.2. National frameworks
      • 3.1.3. Institutional framework
      • 3.1.4. Programmes and projects
    • 3.2. Migration and sustainable development
      • 3.2.1. National Development Plan 2017–2021
      • 3.2.2. Development cooperation
      • 3.2.3. Response to the Venezuelan crisis
      • 3.2.4. Analysis: Coherence between migration and sustainable development policies
    • 3.3. Migration and employment
      • 3.3.1. Key linkages
      • 3.3.2. Legal and policy frameworks
      • 3.3.3. Programmes and projects
      • 3.3.4. Analysis: Coherence between migration and employment policies
    • 3.4. Migration and urban development
      • 3.4.1. Key linkages
      • 3.4.2. Legal and policy frameworks
      • 3.4.3. Programmes and projects
      • 3.4.4. Analysis: Coherence between migration and urban development policies
  • 4. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    • 4.1. Conclusion 1: On the need for government capacity-building
    • 4.2. Conclusion 2: On data for migration mainstreaming
    • 4.3. Conclusion 3: On the migration governance legal framework
    • 4.4. Conclusion 4: On humanitarian and development cooperation
    • 4.5. Conclusion 5: On government awareness of migration linkages and migration mainstreaming capacity
    • 4.6. Conclusion 6: On migration in political discourse and the media
    • 4.7. Conclusion 7: On migration in employment policies
    • 4.8. Conclusion 8: On addressing the Venezuelan crisis and longer-term planning
  • ANNEXES
    • Annex 1: Key legislative and policy documents
    • Annex 2: Stakeholder map
    • Annex 3: Interview guide
    • Annex 4: Stakeholders consulted
    • Annex 5: Workshop terms of reference
    • Annex 6: Migration-related international instruments ratified by Ecuador
    • Annex 7: Migration data sources for Ecuador
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY