Gendered Dimensions of Disengagement, Disassociation, Reintegration and Reconciliation in the Lake Chad Basin Region

Original Language
English
ISBN (PDF)
978-92-9268-001-5
Number of Pages
44
Reference Number
PUB2021/039/EL
Date of upload

12 mai 2021

Gendered Dimensions of Disengagement, Disassociation, Reintegration and Reconciliation in the Lake Chad Basin Region

IOM is committed to integrating gender considerations into its transition and recovery portfolio, including by promoting women’s meaningful participation and fundamental role in peacebuilding and conflict prevention efforts. As part of its support to governments in dealing with men and women associated with violent extremist groups, IOM identified gaps in the knowledge and understanding of the gendered dimensions of engagement, disengagement and reintegration processes experienced by associates of these groups.
 
How, for example, does gender impact decisions to join or depart a group? To what extent are community perceptions of former associates shaped by gender stereotypes, and in what ways do these perceptions interact with the reintegration process? The research sought answers to these questions with reference to communities in the Lake Chad Basin region and former associates of Boko Haram. The current report thus presents a gender analysis of the diverse experiences of women and men who have disengaged from violent extremist groups, offering practical guidance to policymakers and practitioners.

  • ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
    • 1.1 WOMEN, PEACE AND SECURITY
    • 1.2 OVERVIEW OF DISENGAGEMENT, DISASSOCIATION, REINTEGRATION AND RECONCILIATION
    • 1.3 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES 
  • 2. METHODOLOGY
    • 2.1 APPROACH AND METHODS
    • 2.2 LIMITATIONS
  • 3. LITERATURE REVIEW
    • 3.1 BOKO HARAM AND GENDER
    • 3.2 INSIGHTS FOR POLICYMAKERS AND PRACTITIONERS 
  • 4. FIELD RESEARCH FINDINGS
    • 4.1 CULPABILITY AND RISK 
    • 4.2 VICTIMHOOD
    • 4.3 REINTEGRATION OBSTACLES AND PRIORITIES 
    • 4.4 DIFFERENTIATED ASSISTANCE
    • 4.5 REINTEGRATION 
    • 4.6 PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN REINTEGRATION PROCESSES
  • 5. COMBINED RESULTS FROM THE LITERATURE AND THE FIELD
    • 5.1 GENDER ANALYSIS
    • 5.2 MEANINGFUL PARTICIPATION
    • 5.3 GENDERED PERCEPTIONS
    • 5.4 REINTEGRATION SUPPORT
    • 5.5 TRANSFORMATIONAL CHANGE
  • 6. RECOMMENDATIONS
    • 6.1 POLICY AND PROGRAMMATIC RECOMMENDATIONS 
    • 6.2 RESEARCH RECOMMENDATIONS
  • ANNEX I. QUESTIONNAIRE
  • ANNEX II. RECOMMENDATIONS FROM FIELD RESEARCH
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY