Mapping the Rwandan Diaspora in the Netherlands

Original Language
Number of Pages
Reference Number
Date of upload

09 oct 2020

Mapping the Rwandan Diaspora in the Netherlands

The Rwandan diaspora mapping report in the Netherlands aims to ascertain and transmit a profile that outlines the number, gender composition, geographic distribution, and professional skills, training and expertise of Rwandans living in the country. 

Realizing the importance of its diaspora in economic development, the Government of Rwanda would like to identify the conditions and factors that are necessary to engage the diaspora in the development of their country of origin. The Government of Rwanda believes that there is a real need for a well-established structural and strategic framework, both in Rwanda and abroad, to mobilize, coordinate and integrate the Rwandan diaspora into national development, thus the mapping exercise to provide evidence-based information for policy formulation. 

The report was drafted in close coordination with IOM in Berlin, the Government of Rwanda and IOM Rwanda. It was reviewed by the Regional Thematic Specialists, the Labour Mobility and Human Development Programme of the Regional Office in Nairobi, IOM Netherlands, the Government of Rwanda in Kigali and its embassy in the Netherlands.

  • List of tables and figures
  • Acronyms
  • 1. Introduction
    • 1.1. Background of the study
      • 1.1.1. Economic context
      • 1.1.2. Development challenges
    • 1.2. Rationale1.3. Aims and objectives
    • 1.4. Research questions
    • 1.5. Methodology
  • 2. Literature review
    • 2.1. Remittances
    • 2.2. Transnational entrepreneurship
    • 2.3. Knowledge transfer and return migration
    • 2.4. The diaspora’s impact on market development
  • 3. Rwandan migration patterns
    • 3.1. Background
    • 3.2. Migration and development in Rwanda 
    • 3.3. Characteristics of the Rwandan diaspora in the Netherlands
    • 3.4. Rwandan diaspora by generation
  • 4. Online survey responses
    • 4.1. Respondent demographics
    • 4.2. Length of stay in the Netherlands
    • 4.3. Education and employment levels
    • 4.4. Contribution to the development of Rwanda
    • 4.5. Contribution through remittances
    • 4.6. Diaspora networks
    • 4.7. Government support
  • 5. Focus group discussion findings
    • 5.1. Perceptions of current opportunities in Rwanda
    • 5.2. Willingness to support vocational training programmes in Rwanda
    • 5.3. Challenges for diaspora participation
  • 6. Key informant findings
    • 6.1. Perceptions of current opportunities in Rwanda
    • 6.2. Perceptions of current business opportunities in Rwanda for diaspora-based entrepreneurs
    • 6.3. Willingness to support vocational training
    • 6.4. Challenges with engaging diaspora-based professionals
    • 6.5. Challenges faced by diaspora associations or networks
  • 7. Conclusion
  • 8. Recommendations
    • 8.1. Remittances for development
    • 8.2. Promoting transnational entrepreneurship
    • 8.3. Knowledge-sharing and returning migration
    • 8.4. Diaspora impact on market development
  • Annex A. Focus group questionnaire
  • Annex B. Key informant interview questionnaire and script
  • Annex C. Questionnaire for the Rwandan embassy
  • Annex D. Online survey questionnaire
  • Bibliography