Human trafficking should be seen against a wide range of trafficking acts and outcomes that involve several stages, the important ones being associated with the organization of the supply of people vulnerable to exploitation and harm; the process of movement and the demand for the service or labour of trafficked person. To lend a comprehensive view of the trafficking in persons phenomenon, a group of development activists in Bangladesh decided to revisit the existing counter-trafficking interventions, laws, procedures and institutions. The Group's recurring informal dialogue culminated in a "Thematic Group" engaging in intensive discourses regarding the various aspects of trafficking. The group aimed to hold a regular and sustained dialogue involving all stakeholders, to develop a conceptual blueprint mapping out different elements of the counter-trafficking paradigm and to achieve conceptual clarity and build consensus on the counter-trafficking phenomenon. This publication is the outcome of the efforts of the 30 representatives from various embassies, development partners, ministries, NGOs, research organizations and civil society, who made up the "Bangladesh Counter-Trafficking Thematic Group".