What will the key migration policy challenges be in various regions of the world in the course of 2015? Are the levels and structure of migration flows likely to evolve, for example in terms of types of migration, source countries, and number and profiles of migrants? And what will be the key policy debates around migration policy in 2015, for example in terms of draft legislation and/or new policy and programme interventions, political milestones (e.g. national or local elections) and public opinion trends?
These are the questions put to six distinguished experts in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Europe, Latin America and North America, in addition to the Director General of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, in this special issue of Migration Policy Practice.
In his opening article on the global migration policy challenges in 2015, Ambassador William Lacy Swing, Director General of IOM, highlights four key challenges that the world faces in 2015. These include the crucial need for coordinated and efficient response mechanisms and innovative solutions to address the challenges posed by increased humanitarian crises, urgent action to reduce the rising number of migrant fatalities along the migratory route, the need to change public perceptions of migration and encourage political courage and accountability, and the hopes raised by the historic opportunity to integrate migration into the post-2015 global development agenda, even if this will require an agreement on appropriate, sufficient, and effective measures to monitor and evaluate progress against the goals and targets set out in the new agenda.
Discussing the global refugee and asylum policy challenges in 2015, António Guterres, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, foresees that the key challenges in 2015 will focus on issues of protection at sea, access to territory and the future course of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). The need to end routine detention of asylum-seekers, improve child protection safeguards, and increase the focus on durable solutions will be additional matters of concern in the course of 2015. António Guterres further notes that the institution of asylum is today being heavily tested, including in many parts of the developed world. This underlines the responsibility that falls to mainstream politicians, journalists, educators and civil society leaders in fostering tolerance and dialogue to counter such tendencies.
The six interviews with leading migration policy thinkers in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Europe, Latin America and North America address a wide range of key challenges in 2015, including in the fields of labour migration, asylum and trafficking in human beings. They provide an informed projection of likely migration policy developments in the course of 2015, including in terms of new policy directions, the levels and structure of migration flows, and public opinion trends.
Migration Policy Practice is a bimonthly journal published jointly by IOM and Eurasylum Ltd. It only contributes articles from, and is overseen by, senior officials in government, EU institutions and international organizations, as well as civil society worldwide, working in the field of migration policy.
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