National Study of the Labour Market in Côte d’Ivoire

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05 Ene 2024

National Study of the Labour Market in Côte d’Ivoire

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According to the African Development Bank’s 2018 report, in Côte d’Ivoire the cumulative share of vulnerable jobs and unemployed people ranges from 70 per cent to 90 per cent. In addition, gender norms create disparities in decent employment for women and men in the labour market. Women are more exposed to unemployment and precarious employment in Côte d’Ivoire. These difficulties of integration into quality jobs translates into a scarcity of welfare for young people. One of the reasons given for the difficulties of integration into quality jobs is the mismatch between the demand for skills from companies and the supply of skills among young people on the labour market. Faced with these integration difficulties, young people are increasingly resorting to irregular migration in search of decent jobs abroad. This irregular migration subjects them to the violation of their human rights. The Maghreb countries are now among the destination and transit countries for Ivorian migrants. Among sub-Saharan migrants, the largest number of victims of trafficking, abuse and slavery in these countries are Ivorians.

The aim of this study is to analyse the Ivorian labour market in order to identify potential market imbalances and the drivers of migration. Based on this, IOM in Côte d’Ivoire has implemented the project Strengthening the Ivorian Government’s Capacity to Effectively Manage Labour Migration to facilitate intergovernmental dialogue for regular, safe and orderly migration. The first step of this project is to conduct a national labour market assessment for Côte d’Ivoire, which will establish a basis for better informing discussions on skills mobility in international labour markets.

  • List of diagrams, tables, maps, figures and text boxes
  • Acronyms
  • Terminology
  • Executive summary
    • 1. Methodology
      • 1.1. Methodological approach
        • 1.1.1. Literature review
        • 1.1.2. Data collection
        • 1.1.3. Data utilization and limitations of the study
      • 1.2. Cities targeted by the study
    • 2. Sociodemographic and economic contexts
      • 2.1. Sociodemographic context
        • 2.1.1. Background on the Ivorian population
        • 2.1.2. Migration landscape in Côte dʼIvoire
      • 2.2. Economic context
        • 2.2.1. A dynamic economy
        • 2.2.2. Declining income poverty
        • 2.2.3. Employment status and poverty
        • 2.2.4. Promising employment sectors
    • 3. Analysis of labour market imbalances
      • 3.1. Analysis of labour supply
        • 3.1.1. Overview of unemployment and underutilization of the workforce in Côte dʼIvoire
        • 3.1.2. Hindrances to youth integration into the Côte dʼIvoire labour market
        • 3.1.3. Focus on domestic workers
        • 3.1.4. Descriptive analysis of employed youth
        • 3.1.5. Difficulties encountered by employed youth
      • 3.2. Labour demand analysis
      • 3.3. Skills development programmes
    • 4. Training and certification system in Côte dʼIvoire 
      • 4.1. Structure of the training courses offered in Côte dʼIvoire
        • 4.1.1. Mapping of the vocational training courses offered
        • 4.1.2. Mapping of higher education training programmes being offered
        • 4.1.3. Skills assessment system in Côte dʼIvoire
    • 5. Analysis of the drivers of migration in Côte dʼIvoire
      • 5.1. Sociodemographic characteristics of respondents
      • 5.2. Youthʼs perception of plans to migrate
      • 5.3. Needs expressed by the youth for their integration
    • 6. Conclusions of the analysis
      • 6.1. Analysis of imbalances (axis 1)
      • 6.2. General analysis of migration drivers (axis 2)
      • 6.3. Synthesis
    • 7. Recommendations 
      • 7.1. Consideration of government initiatives
      • 7.2. Proposals of the study
      • 7.2.1. Improving the production and quality of labour market data
      • 7.2.2. Acting on migration drivers through projects of an appropriate scale
      • 7.2.3. Acting on indirect migration drivers by continuing and strengthening current initiatives
  • Annex
  • Bibliography