Access to Information and Health care Services for Vietnamese Migrant Workers Overseas During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Original Language
English
ISBN (PDF)
978-92-9268-448-8
Number of Pages
110
Reference Number
PUB2022/195/R
Date of upload

29 Nov 2022

Access to Information and Health care Services for Vietnamese Migrant Workers Overseas During the COVID-19 Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic caused a global mobility deadlock with nearly all international borders closed for non-essential travel, left migrants in countries of destination acutely vulnerable with risks to health, as well as socioeconomic and social security status, compounded by diverging measures and impacts on mobility.

Ensuring the basic health needs of migrants are met, especially in times of crisis such as the COVID-19 pandemic, is critical for a migrant-sending nation such as Viet Nam. In 2019, more than 147,000 Vietnamese migrant workers left the country to work overseas under contract. The top three destinations were Japan, Taiwan Province of the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Korea.

Despite the efforts of the Government of Viet Nam to provide consular services and support its citizens overseas during the pandemic, little was known about the health of and health-care access experienced by the vast majority of Vietnamese migrants in host countries, especially the three largest destinations. Host governments might overlook migrants in health response plans, which could lead to failures in provision of adequate support. Thus, sending governments need to ensure their nationals are equipped with the means to protect themselves in a public health crisis.

In response, this study aims to better understand Vietnamese migrant workers’ experiences overseas in accessing accurate health-related information as well as health care during public health emergencies.

 

  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
  • LIST OF FIGURES
  • LIST OF TABLES
  • LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
    • 1.1 Background
      • 1.1.1. COVID-19 pandemic and migrant workers
      • 1.1.2. Overseas Vietnamese migrant workers during the COVID-19 pandemic 
      • 1.1.3. Rationale and objectives of the study 
    • 1.2 Methodology 
      • 1.2.1. Study design
      • 1.2.2. Data collection tools
      • 1.2.3. Quantitative methods and analysis
      • 1.2.4. Qualitative methods and analysis
    • 1.3 Ethics statement
    • 1.4 Definitions of terminology 
  • CHAPTER 2 RESULTS
    • 2.1 Quantitative findings 
      • 2.1.1. Characteristics of study participants in Japan and the Republic of Korea 
      • 2.1.2. Knowledge about COVID-19 and preventive measures by host countries 
      • 2.1.3. Access to information during COVID-19 pandemic 
      • 2.1.4. Health care-seeking behaviours during COVID-19 pandemic 
      • 2.1.5. Factors associated with Vietnamese migrant workers’ knowledge of COVID-19 symptoms, its modes of transmission and prevention measures 2.1.6. Factors associated with the health care-seeking behaviour of Vietnamese migrant workers during COVID-19 pandemic
    • 2.2 Qualitative findings
      • 2.2.1. Characteristics of study participants
      • 2.2.2. Challenges in accessing information and health care services from migrants’ perspectives
      • 2.2.3. Enabling factors in accessing information and health care services from migrants’ perspectives
    • 2.3 Stakeholder analysis 
      • 2.3.1. Migrants’ challenges from stakeholders’ perspectives
      • 2.3.2. Barriers to assisting Vietnamese migrant workers
  • CHAPTER 3 DISCUSSION
    • 3.1 Quality and effectiveness of pre-departure language training and health orientation 
    • 3.2 Role of health insurance and social protection, including during public health emergencies
    • 3.3 Need for gender sensitive health care services
    • 3.4 Gaps and need for proactive approaches of authorities to respond to COVID-19
    • 3.5 Study Limitations
  • CHAPTER 4 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  • References 
  • Annex 1
  • Annex 2
  • Annex 3
  • Annex 4
  • Annex 5
  • Annex 6. 
  • Annex 7