Over the past 20 years, the immigration into the Republic of Korea has increased at a rapid pace, while emigration of Korean nationals has declined substantially. Previously a country of emigration, Korea has now become a net migrant receiving country. Responding to this rapid change, the government of Korea in recent years has amended and adopted laws and regulations related to immigration, and has introduced new policies to facilitate the integration of migrants into Korean society. The evolving migration landscape in Korea and the development of new immigration policies have had a significant impact on Korean society.
The Migration Profile of Korea seeks to provide a concise yet comprehensive overview of the current migration situation in Korea. Along with presentation and analysis of relevant statistical data, the Profile also examines the demographic, socioeconomic, cultural and historic context of migration in Korea. Furthermore, it reviews the national institutional and policy framework governing migration, and highlights recent regional and international cooperation efforts undertaken by the Korean government. Based on this information, the Profile identifies key implications of recent migration trends for policy makers. It concludes with recommendations for enhancing immigration policy as well as proposals for the Profile’s use in migration policy development.