Mainstreaming Migration, Environment and Climate Change into (Re)integration Initiatives in Mauritius

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14 Dic 2023

Mainstreaming Migration, Environment and Climate Change into (Re)integration Initiatives in Mauritius

Environment and climate change affect a wide range of people (including internal, inward and outward migrants) throughout the migration process by limiting their livelihood options and available natural resources. Livelihoods in Southern Africa particularly depend on natural resources, which are often under the threat of cyclones, prolonged droughts, floods or other disasters. Materialization of such threats can have drastic effects on socioeconomic development and lead to unsafe, unorderly and irregular migration. At the same time, the displacement of people, if not effectively managed, can have adverse impact on the environment.  

Mauritius is recognized as a country of origin, transit and destination for migrants who experience challenges resulting from climate change. For this reason, IOM has undertaken a study in Mauritius with the aim to support the mainstreaming of environmental dimensions in integration, reintegration and relocation initiatives.  

The research has assessed the impact of climate/environmental change and related disasters on migration, return and (re)integration in Mauritius. It has allowed a good understanding of climate change events, populations at risk, their environment, their background, the regions covered and the migration issues. At the same time, the study has enabled an understanding of the extent to which environmental and climate change dimensions are being considered in integration and reintegration of migrants. 

  • Acknowledgements
  • List of figures
  • List of text boxes
  • List of tables
  • List of abbreviations and acronyms
  • Glossary
  • Executive summary
  • 1.    Introduction
    • 1.1. Background and context of this study
      • 1.1.1. The context: Country profile of Mauritius
      • 1.1.2. Historical antecedents and evolution of (labour) migration in Mauritius
      • 1.1.3. Climate/Environment change, disaster and migration in Mauritius
    • 1.2. Scope and objective of this study
    • 1.3. Rationale of the study
  • 2.    Conceptual and methodological framework
    • 2.1. Conceptual framework: Understanding the environmental change–human mobility nexus and outcomes
    • 2.2. Migration as adaptation to climate and environmental change
    • 2.3. Migration, return and (re)integration
    • 2.4. Research design and approach
      • 2.4.1. Methodological approach
      • 2.4.2. Sampling approach and study sites
      • 2.4.3. Data collection and characteristics of research participants
      • 2.4.4. Data processing and analysis
      • 2.4.5. Ethical considerations and limitations of the study
  • 3.    National governance of the climate and environmental change, disaster and human mobility nexus: A focus on Mauritius
    • 3.1. (Im)migration policies and legislation 
    • 3.2. Climate and environmental change policies and legislation
    • 3.3. Disaster management policies and legislation 
    • 3.4. Other policies and legislations of relevance
  • 4.    Climate/environmental change, hazards and impacts 
    • 4.1. Perceptions of climate/environmental change and hazards
    • 4.2. Climate/Environmental change impact and hazards
    • 4.3. Responses to climate/environmental change and natural hazards
    • 4.4. Climate/Environmental change, disaster and human mobility
    • 4.5. Impact of climate/environmental change and disaster‑related human mobility 
    • 4.6. Migration, return and (re)integration in the context of climate and environmental change 
  • 5.    Planned relocation/resettlement, climate/ environmental change and effects on local communities
  • 6.    Proposed measures to enhance climate change adaptation. 
  • 7.    Conclusion and recommendations.
    • 7.1. Recommendations to enhance climate adaptation and sustainable (re)integration
      • 7.1.1. Policy framework/strategy
      • 7.1.2. Programming/Operationalization of existing strategies
      • 7.1.3. Institutional framework
      • 7.1.4. Data collection/availability for planning
  • Annexes 
  • References