Mapping the Rwandan Diaspora in the United Kingdom

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09 Oct 2020

Mapping the Rwandan Diaspora in the United Kingdom

The Rwandan diaspora mapping report in the United Kingdom aimed to ascertain and transmit a profile that outlines the number, gender composition, geographical distribution and professional skills, training and expertise of the Rwandans living in the United Kingdom. 

Realizing the importance of its diaspora in economic development, the Government of Rwanda would like to identify the conditions and factors that are necessary to engage the diaspora in the development of their country of origin. The Government of Rwanda believes that there is a real need for a well-established structural and strategic framework, both in Rwanda and abroad, to mobilize, coordinate and integrate the Rwandan diaspora into national development of Rwanda, thus the mapping exercise to provide evidence-based information for policy formulation. 

The report was drafted in close coordination with IOM in Berlin, the Government of Rwanda and IOM Rwanda. It was then reviewed by the Regional Thematic Specialists, the Labour Mobility and Human Development Programme of the Regional Office in Nairobi, IOM United Kingdom, the Government of Rwanda in Kigali and its embassy in the United Kingdom. 

  • Acknowledgements
  • List of figures and tables
  • List of acronyms
  • Executive summary and recommendations
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Research objectives, definitions used and methodology used for the study
    • 2.1. Research objectives
    • 2.2. Methodology
      • 2.2.1. Definitions used
      • 2.2.2. Master methodology for the four country studies
    • 2.3. Methodology used for the United Kingdom study
    • 2.4. Privacy and ethics
    • 2.5. Challenges and limitations
  • 3. Desk/Literature review
    • 3.1. Defining the Rwandan diaspora community abroad and framing Rwandan identity
    • 3.2. Migration history of Rwandan diaspora community in the United Kingdom
    • 3.3. Population estimates and geographical distributions for Rwandans in the United Kingdom
    • 3.4. Government of Rwanda’s institutional and policy frameworks for diaspora engagement 
      • 3.4.1. Vision 2020
      • 3.4.2. Diaspora General Directorate
      • 3.4.3. Rwandan “community abroad” policy
  • 4. Analysis of findings: Demographics, education and skills
    • 4.1. Demographic information
      • 4.1.1. Gender
      • 4.1.2. Age
      • 4.1.3. Marital and family status
      • 4.1.4. Geographical distribution in the United Kingdom
      • 4.1.5. Nationality and residence
      • 4.1.6. Language use
    • 4.2. Education, employment and skills
      • 4.2.1. Employment 
    • 4.3. Technical and vocational education and training 
    • 4.4. Organization of the Rwandan community in the United Kingdom: Social, professional and faith networks
  • 5. Analysis of findings: Relationship with Rwanda, voluntarism and return
    • 5.1. Travel to Rwanda
    • 5.2. Contributions in Rwanda
    • 5.3. Remittances to Rwanda from Rwandans in the United Kingdom
    • 5.4. Investments in Rwanda
    • 5.5. Diaspora bond targeting Rwandan community abroad
    • 5.6. Engagement with the Government of Rwanda’s policies and initiatives
    • 5.7. Rwandan women in the United Kingdom
    • 5.8. Being Rwandan in the United Kingdom
  • 6. Conclusion and recommendations
  • Annex 1 – Survey tools
  • Annex 2 – Interview schedule
  • Annex 3 – Focus group discussions schedule
  • Annex 4 – Feedback and questions raised by community members at IOM/Rwandan High Commission community sensitization meetings
  • Annex 5 – Government of Rwanda diaspora programmes
  • Annex 6 – Rwanda’s home-grown initiatives and solutions
  • Annex 7 – Remittance flows into and out of Rwanda, 2014
  • Bibliography