The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration and the Global Compact on Refugees adopted in December 2018 mark a new phase in international cooperation to manage and respond to the movement of people. Chapter 11 provides an update on these important developments that have occurred since the publication of the World Migration Report 2018, which included a chapter on global governance of migration.
This chapter provides a descriptive analysis of the two global compacts. It walks through their development and adoption and offers a brief analysis of the complementarity, coherence and gaps between the two compacts. It also examines the effects of the global compacts on the global migration governance architecture. The chapter finally looks to the future by outlining the implications of these recent developments and the challenges for implementation of the two global compacts.