Resumen Descriptivo: 

The study was undertaken to evaluate the compliance of the regulatory framework of Private Employment Agencies (PEAs) in Albania with international standards vis-aà-vis related with migrant workers recruitment. Moreover, detailed analysis of the sector will serve to develop recommendations on the ethical recruitment standards for Albanian public and private employment agencies.

Part of the study was to identify and take account of the “best practices” of PEAs operation from countries that have a regulated and consolidated market. 

This assessment was carried out under the project of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) “Promotion of decent work opportunities and protection of migrant workers in Albania”. The aforementioned project was funded by the Government of Sweden through the One UN Coherence Fund and implemented by IOM Tirana (Albania) in partnership with major actors of the Government of Albania.

The project aims to contribute to the development of an effective management system of employment mediation, which will promote ethical recruitment, decent work and protect migrant workers. The assessment took into consideration Albanian migrant workers seeking for employment abroad, present candidates and past migrant workers, as well as foreign migrant workers who have found employment opportunities in Albania. Special focus is given to the gender factor and recommendations aim at supporting the Government of Albania in developing gender-sensitive policies for regulating the status of migrant workers by ensuring their protection.

Índice: 
  • Introduction
  • Introductory remarks
  • Main definitions
  • Summary
    • 1. Overview of the Private Employment Agencies market
      • 1.1 Overview of Private Employment Agencies in the world
      • 1.2 Private Employment Agencies in Albania
      • 1.3 The survey implementation
        • 1.3.1 Methodology
        • 1.3.2 Limitations of the survey
      • 1.4 Benchmark development for PEAs functioning
        • 1.4.1 Overview on Ethical Recruitment of PEAs
        • 1.4.2 Best practices of PEAs operational framework
    • 2. Private Employment Agencies in Albania: Regulatory and institutional framework
      • 2.1. Compliance of the Albanian legislation with the International ILO Conventions
      • 2.2. The progress of the Albanian legislation in the framework of EU integration
      • 2.3. A general overview of the legal framework for PEAs licensing and functioning
      • 2.4. Review of the legal framework of migrant employment in Albania
      • 2.5. Institutional framework of migrant employment in Albania
        • 2.5.1 The role of public institution in migrants employment
      • 2.6. Ethical recruitment in Public and Private Employment Agencies
    • 3. Private Employment Agencies market assessment
      • 3.1. Sector overview
      • 3.2. Assessment of PEAs practices
        • 3.2.1 Questions on market access
        • 3.2.2 Employment mediation service
        • 3.2.3 Gender and PEAs
        • 3.2.4 PEAs licensing and reporting
      • 3.3. Assessment of experiences of emigrants employed in the country and abroad
      • 3.4. Evaluation of the institutional framework of the sector
      • 3.5. Comparison of the current state of PEAs with national and international legislation
      • 3.6. The problems identified during the workshop organized by IOM
    • 4. Conclusions and recommendations
      • 4.1. Conclusions
      • 4.2. Recommendations
  • References
  • Annexes The relevant legislative framework
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