Climate Change and Migration in Vulnerable Countries

A snapshot of least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States

Nombre de pages: 
56
Année: 
2019
Électronique copie seulement
Description: 

The least developed countries (LDCs), landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) and small island developing States (SIDS) are among the most vulnerable groups of countries in the world. They are disproportionately affected by the negative impacts of climate change due to their structural constraints and geographical disadvantage. In 2016, 13 out of the 15 countries with the highest vulnerability to natural hazards were from the LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS groups.

The migration and climate change nexus is present across all three groups of countries. The programmes of action of LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS, namely the Istanbul Programme of Action, the Vienna Programme of Action and the SAMOA Pathway, point out the vulnerability of these countries to external shocks, including climate change, and recognize the role of migrants in the development of their communities through remittances, as well as transfer of skills and knowledge.

This paper aims to inform policymakers of the complex dynamics of climate-induced migration in LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS. It provides an overview of the migration and climate change nexus in each group of countries and proposes ways forward to address it.

Table des matières: 
  • Foreword (International Organization for Migration)
  • Foreword (United Nations Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States)
  • Acknowledgements
  • Introduction
    • Climate migration – A multifaceted reality
    • Climate migration – Spotlight on least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Addressing climate migration – Growing global policy awareness
  • Snapshot 1: Climate change and migration in least developed countries
    • Least developed countries’ structural vulnerability to climate impacts
    • The double stress – Coping with climate impacts on migration in least developed countries
    • Supporting climate action in least developed countries – The role of remittances
  • Snapshot 2: Climate change and migration in landlocked developing countries
    • Structural vulnerabilities to climate change in landlocked developing countries
    • Water stress in landlocked developing countries – Implications for migration
    • Impacts of climate change on agriculture – Implications on migration
  • Snapshot 3: Climate change and migration in small island developing States
  • The world’s highest vulnerability to climate change – Small island developing States
    • Climate change impacts and financial stress
    • International and internal dimensions of the climate change and migration nexus in small island developing States
  • Conclusion
  • Recommendations for least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States governments
  • Recommendations for other stakeholders (international and regional agencies, civil society, academia, private sector)
  • References and essential readings
  • Annex
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