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Since 2000, IOM has been producing its flagship world migration reports every two years. The World Migration Report 2022, the eleventh in the world migration report series, has been produced to contribute to increased understanding of migration and mobility throughout the world.
World Migration Report 2022: Chapter 1 - Report Overview: Technological, geopolitical and environmental transformations shaping our migration and mobility futures
International migration is a complex phenomenon that touches on a multiplicity of economic, social and security aspects all around the world. In this overview chapter of IOM’s flagship publication, the World Migration Report 2022, readers will be able to access key trends, data and information at a… Read More
This chapter provides an overview of global data and trends on international migrants and international migration. It also provides a discussion of particular migrant groups – namely migrant workers, refugees, asylum seekers and IDPs – as well as of COVID-19 impacts on migration and long-term… Read More
World Migration Report 2022: Chapter 3 - Migration and Migrants: Regional Dimensions and Developments
Chapter 3 provides a discussion of key regional dimensions of, and developments in, migration. The discussion focuses on six United Nations world regions, namely Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, Northern America and Oceania. For each of these regions, the analysis includes:
World Migration Report 2022: Chapter 4 - Migration Research and Analysis: Recent United Nations Contributions
The evidence originating from rigorous analysis and research on migration is the prime source and starting point for migration policymaking. It is also fundamental to migration practitioners, students, scholars and the public, as they examine aspects of migration and how they might be changing. A… Read More
World Migration Report 2022: Chapter 5 - The Great Disrupter: COVID-19’s impact on migration, mobility and migrants globally
This chapter provides an analysis of the impacts of the pandemic on migration and mobility, with particular reference to migrants’ immobility and vulnerabilities. It focuses on the first year of COVID-19. For people who had migrated, been displaced and/or were part of a highly mobile group prior to… Read More
World Migration Report 2022: Chapter 6 - Peace and security as drivers of stability, development and safe migration
This chapter draws upon existing evidence to explore the interaction between conflict, instability and insecurity; development; and migration, showing that instability or conflict feed negatively on development and hence drive displacement, asylum-seeking and unsafe migration.
World Migration Report 2022: Chapter 7 - International migration as a stepladder of opportunity: what do the global data actually show?
This chapter examines the key questions of “who migrates internationally and where do they go?” It presents analysis of a range of statistical data and draws upon some of the existing body of research on migration determinants and decision-making.
World Migration Report 2022: Chapter 8 - Disinformation about migration: an age-old issue with new tech dimensions
This chapter examines the factors shaping disinformation about migration in terms of society, politics, media and technology. It outlines best practices in building public resilience to disinformation and the major insights from current research, with reference to major gaps in our understanding of… Read More
World Migration Report 2022: Chapter 9 - Migration and slow-onset impacts of climate change: taking stock and taking action
This chapter focuses on migration in the context of the slow-onset impacts of climate change, an area where policy and knowledge gaps remain. It presents some of the key challenges associated with understanding and taking action on slow-onset climate impacts and migration issues, and explores how… Read More
World Migration Report 2022: Chapter 10 - Human trafficking in migration pathways: trends, challenges and new forms of cooperation
This chapter provides an overview of current trafficking trends and patterns, looking at the available data on migrant victims of human trafficking and traffickers. It explores current challenges and promising avenues for the prevention of trafficking of migrants, including prosecuting traffickers… Read More
World Migration Report 2022: Chapter 11 - Artificial intelligence, migration and mobility: implications for policy and practice
This chapter examines the implications of AI for policy and practice in the context of migration and mobility through the prism of the existing international human rights framework of rules, standards and principles. This is important because of the potential for human rights to be eroded – or… Read More
World Migration Report 2022: Chapter 12 - Reflections on migrant's contributions in an era of increasing disruption and disinformation (Repeat)
Editor's Note: This chapter first appeared in the World Migration Report 2020. The research for this chapter inspired us to delve deeper into the topic of disinformation, resulting in Chapter 8 on disinformation about migration (in this volume). The last two years, however, have shown us that the… Read More
This Migration Governance Indicators (MGI) proﬁle presents a summary of well-developed areas of migration governance in Ukraine as well as areas with potential for further development, as assessed through the MGI. The MGI is a standard set of approximately 90 indicators to assist countries in… Read More
Large Movements of Highly Vulnerable Migrants in the Americas from the Caribbean, Latin America and other Regions
Migration in South and Central America has undergone significant changes in the last two decades. Intraregional migration continues to be the most important in South America, mainly due to the large-scale movements of Venezuelan migrants and refugees in the last five years. Meanwhile, migration… Read More
This Migration Governance Indicators (MGI) proﬁle presents a summary of well-developed areas of migration governance in North Macedonia as well as areas with potential for further development, as assessed through the MGI. The MGI is a standard set of approximately 90 indicators to assist countries… Read More
This Migration Governance Indicators (MGI) proﬁle presents a summary of well-developed areas of migration governance in Madagascar as well as areas with potential for further development, as assessed through the MGI. The MGI is a standard set of approximately 90 indicators to assist countries in… Read More
Customary Law, Norms, Practices and Related Factors that Enable and Constrain Women’s Access to Housing, Land and Property in South Sudan: A Desk Review
This report presents a review of the existing literature on customary law and practices, attitudes and beliefs (social norms) and other factors that create barriers to women’s access to and control over land and property in South Sudan. It also presents existing efforts to improve women’s property… Read More
This qualitative gender and gender-based violence (GBV) research was conducted in border communities in Jur River and Tonj South affected by high-levels of protracted and seasonal cattle-related conflict. The research aim was to identify gender norms that are supportive of women’s rights and… Read More
MRS No. 69 – A reset for overseas migration? Recent developments in Filipinos’ migration in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic
Authored by Jeremaiah M. Opiniano, this Migration Research Series paper explores some of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on Filipino overseas migrants and the responses and measures adopted by the Philippines in 2020. It reviews the main implications and challenges that were raised by the… Read More
This Migration Governance Indicators (MGI) proﬁle presents a summary of well-developed areas of migration governance in Nigeria as well as areas with potential for further development, as assessed through the MGI. The MGI is a standard set of approximately 90 indicators to assist countries in… Read More
This report discusses the essential findings and learnings from a collaborative research project with the University of Liverpool, investigating the use of Twitter data to track immigration sentiment during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Institutional Strategy on Migration, Environment and Climate Change 2021–2030For a comprehensive, evidence and rights-based approach to migration in the context of environmental degradation, climate change and disasters, for the benefit of migrants and societies
The IOM Institutional Strategy on Migration, Environment and Climate Change aims to guide IOM efforts to strengthen its capacity to develop and implement a comprehensive approach to migration in the context of climate change, environmental degradation and disasters due to natural hazards, in line… Read More
This report is part of the outputs under the regional initiative “Mitigating the effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on migrants and their families from Central Asia” produced with the financial support of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and implemented by IOM.
This study sheds light on detention pending removal and alternatives to detention in Austria. In Austria, detention pending removal can only be imposed on individuals where the purpose of detention (i.e. securing the procedure for issuing a measure to terminate a residence permit) cannot be… Read More
Regional Assessment: Key Informant Survey on the Socioeconomic Effects of COVID-19 on Returnees and Stranded Migrants in Central Asia
This report is part of the outputs under the project "Mitigating the effects of COVID-19 Pandemic on migrants and their families from Central Asia" produced with the financial support of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation. Editorial support was provided by IOM’s Global DTM Support… Read More
Authored by Katharine M. Donato, Lisa Singh, Ali Arab, Elizabeth Jacobs and Douglas Post, this Migration Research Series paper builds on prior studies of migration misinformation by analysing Twitter conversations in Spanish, the fourth most widespread language in the world. The paper assesses the… Read More
Labour Market Assessment: Identifying Opportunities for Vulnerable Vietnamese from Selected Provinces of Viet Nam
Under the project Tackling Modern Slavery in Viet Nam funded by the UK Home Office, IOM Viet Nam conducted a labour market assessment in five key target provinces in Viet Nam (Quang Ninh, Hai Phong, Nghe An, Ha Tinh and Quang Binh).
Informal cross-border trade is significant in Southern Africa, accounting for 30 to 40 per cent of the total trade in the Southern African Development Community, with an estimated value of USD 17.6 billion. Women make up approximately 70 per cent of informal cross-border traders (ICBTs), face… Read More
Remittances and Diaspora Engagement in South SudanA policy research with a focus on the South Sudanese community in Australia
This is a policy research on remittances and diasporas engagement in South Sudan. It uses a combination of qualitative and quantitative analysis and conducted jointly with the Governmental technical advisory group of South Sudan.
This report provides an initial examination of available sources of data on migrant worker fatalities at the global, regional and country levels. The existence and quality of data are highly variable across countries, with knowledge concerning migrants mostly coming from middle- and high-income… Read More
Pilot mapping and profiling of the Mauritian diaspora in Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom: Stories of belonging, impact and opportunity
The Government of Mauritius recognizes the added value, valuable role and potential of its diaspora to contribute to the socioeconomic development of the country and aims to mobilize, leverage and harness the diaspora’s intellectual, cultural and social potential, capital and skills. The pilot… Read More
This Migration Governance Indicators (MGI) proﬁle presents a summary of well-developed areas of migration governance in the Republic of Nicaragua as well as areas with potential for further development, as assessed through the MGI. The MGI is a standard set of approximately 90 indicators to assist… Read More
In 2020, Viet Nam was one of the 30 highest-burden countries globally with tuberculosis (TB) and multi-drug resistant TB, whereas Cambodia was one of the 30 highest-burden countries with TB. While both nations have made significant progress in reducing TB rates in recent years, they lack the… Read More