Rapid Assessment of the Socioeconomic Impacts of COVID-19 on Labour Mobility in the Pacific Region

Nombre de pages: 
52
ISBN: 
978-92-9068-859-4
Année: 
2020
Électronique copie seulement
Description: 

The rapid spread of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) since March 2020 has amounted to an unprecedented global health crisis. In order to suppress disease transmission, governments have implemented a range of public health and social measures that in many cases exacerbate underlying socioeconomic challenges. While Pacific island countries (PICs) have only registered a small number of COVID-19 cases, they are still facing the devastating impacts on key economic sectors – such as tourism, trade and labour mobility – as a consequence of travel restrictions, border closures and quarantine measures.

To understand the impact of COVID-19 on labour mobility and broader migration trends in the Pacific region, IOM conducted a rapid assessment from May to June 2020. This report examines the perspectives of government officials, migrants awaiting departure in countries of origin, migrants (temporary and seasonal workers) in destination countries, diaspora communities, and development partners. Countries covered under the assessment include Fiji, the Marshall Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu, in addition to Australia, New Zealand and the United States of America as countries of destination.

Table des matières: 
  • Acknowledgements
  • List of tables
  • List of figures
  • List of acronyms
  • Glossary
  • Executive Summary
  • 1. Introduction
    • 1.1 Methods and Limitations
    • 1.2 The Migration Context in the Pacific Region
    • 1.3 Permanent Migration Context in the Pacific Region
    • 1.4 Temporary and Season Migration
    • 1.5 Remittance Inflows into the Pacific
  • 2. How Has Covid-19 Effected Labour Mobility In The Pacific Region? What Has Been The Effect On The Human Security Of Migrant Workers, Diaspora Communities And Migrant-Sending Households In The Pacific Region?
    • 2.1 Data Of Pacific Temporary And Seasonal Workers In Countries Of Destination
      • 2.1.1 Australia
      • 2.1.2 New Zealand – labour mobility summary (Fiji, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu)
    • 2.2 Economic Security
      • 2.2.1 The sudden impact of COVID-19 on remittances to the Pacific
    • 2.3 Food Security
    • 2.4 Health Security
    • 2.5 Environmental Security
    • 2.6 Personal Security, Community and Political Insecurity Impacts
  • 3. COVID-19 support measures
    • 3.1 Fiji
      • 3.1.1 Superannuation measures
      • 3.1.2 Income Support measures
      • 3.1.3 Food supplies
      • 3.1.4 Support for Fijians overseas
    • 3.2 Marshall Islands
      • 3.2.1 Income support measures
      • 3.2.2 Individual measures
      • 3.2.3 Business measures
      • 3.2.4 Support for Marshallese overseas
    • 3.3 Tonga
      • 3.3.1 Superannuation measures
      • 3.3.2 Government support measures
      • 3.3.3 Income support measures
      • 3.3.4 Business measures
      • 3.3.5 Education
      • 3.3.6 Women and NGO groups
      • 3.3.7 Food supplies
      • 3.3.8 Support for Tongans overseas
    • 3.4 Tuvalu
      • 3.4.1 Superannuation measures
      • 3.4.2 Financial support payments
      • 3.4.3 Income support measures
      • 3.4.4 Social welfare measures
      • 3.4.5 Support to Tuvaluans overseasIC REGION 6
    • 3.5 Vanuatu
      • 3.5.1 Financial support
      • 3.5.2 Support for overseas Ni-Vanuatu
    • 3.6 Australia
    • 3.7 New Zealand
    • 3.8 United States of America
    • 3.9 Maintaining Pacific Remittance Flows: COVID-19 Measures
    • 3.10 International Government and Donors: COVID-19 Support Measures
  • 4. Effectiveness of support measures
    • 4.1 Pacific Islands
      • 4.1.1 Superannuation support
      • 4.1.2 Income support
      • 4.1.3 Remittances
      • 4.1.4 Social measures
      • 4.1.5 Repatriation
    • 4.2 Countries of Destination
      • 4.2.1 Administrative and logistical support
      • 4.2.2 Superannuation
      • 4.2.3 Income support
      • 4.2.4 Social measures
  • 5. Conclusion and Recommendations
    • 5.1 Recommendations
  • 6. Appendices
    • 6.1 Appendix 1
    • 6.2 Appendix 2: Safety net - Employee Contribution
  • 7. Bibliography
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