Recognize migrants’ agency: Migrants from West and North Africa adopt flexible mobility-based strategies to contribute to their own and their communities’ resilience and development. They also contribute to national development. They mostly move within their countries, regions and continent, and for job-, family- and study-related reasons. Migrants’ contributions to development are receiving increasing policy recognition in their countries and regions of origin. This needs to be better recognized in policies of countries and regions of destination, as well as in policy dialogues between African and European countries.