Durable Solutions for Indigenous Migrants and Refugees in the Context of the Venezuelan Flow in Brazil

Nombre de pages: 
116
ISBN: 
978-65-87187-01-3
Année: 
2020
Électronique copie seulement
Description: 

This report updates and qualifies the discussion on the migration of indigenous people from the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to the Federative Republic of Brazil. To this end, it problematizes the traditional concept of “durable solutions” in the literature on migration and asylum and offers a set of recommendations for the construction of durable solutions that are culturally appropriate to the Brazilian context. For the creation of this document, a survey was conducted in the Brazilian States of Roraima and Amazonas with the Warao, Eñepa and Pemón indigenous peoples of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, as well as interviews and workshops with public officials, technicians, authorities and academics in Brasília, Manaus and Boa Vista. This publication brings new information in considering the challenges of the internal dynamics in the flow of indigenous migrants for structuring public policies, updating the information and analysis documents produced recently, particularly between 2017 and 2019. In addition, it discusses the concept of durable solutions by presenting some of the challenges faced from the different cultural reality of indigenous migrants. Finally, it outlines five steps for the construction of public policies to overcome the emergency response policies in the medium and long term that constitute culturally appropriate durable solutions. This study complies with international law and global good practices by indicating that no durable solution will be effective and socially fair without considering all stakeholders, especially the host community and the right to prior informed consultation of indigenous peoples.

Table des matières: 
  • Acronyms 
  • Images
  • Abstract 
  • INTRODUCTION
  • 1. INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN THE VENEZUELAN MIGRATORY FLOW
    • 1.1 The concept of a culturally appropriate durable solution
    • 1.2 Indigenous migrations from the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to Brazil 
      • 1.2.1 The Warao in Roraima 
      • 1.2.2 Arrival in Manaus 
      • 1.2.3 Migration to Pará
  • 2. METHODOLOGY AND RESULTS OF THIS STUDY
    • 2.1 Thematic workshops 
    • 2.2 Reasons for the displacement of the Warao 
    • 2.3 Access to health care for indigenous migrants and refugees 
    • 2.4 Access to education for indigenous migrants and refugees 
    • 2.5 Shelter policy 
    • 2.6 Presence of relatives in Brazil 
    • 2.7 Origins: the region of Araguabisi, Winikina and Mariusa 
    • 2.8 Professional profiles of indigenous migrants and refugees 
    • 2.9 New data and flows 
      • 2.9.1 The Eñepa 
      • 2.9.2 The Pemón 
  • 3. CULTURALLY APPROPRIATE DURABLE SOLUTIONS: BEYOND THE TRADITIONAL CONCEPT
    • 3.1 Migratory circles and accommodation
    • 3.2 Access to information on health, education and other rights
    • 3.3 Coming and going in indigenous mobility
      • 3.3.1 Voluntary return to the country of origin
      • 3.3.2 Resettlement
      • 3.3.3 Local integration
    • 3.4 Linguistic ties and new spontaneous movements
  • 4. BUILDING DURABLE SOLUTIONS FOR INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN THE VENEZUELAN MIGRATORY FLOW
    • 4.1 The development of a long-term strategy
    • 4.2 The need for free, prior and informed consultation
    • 4.3 Determining characteristics of migrant peoples in designing solutions
      • 4.3.1 The Warao
      • 4.3.2 The Pemón/Taurepang
      • 4.3.3 The Eñepa
      • 4.3.4 Cross-border peoples
    • 4.4 Existing recommendations
    • 4.5 Indigenous participation in building durable solutions
    • 4.6 Gender issues and the empowerment of indigenous women and girls
    • 4.7 Indigenous peoples’ right to the city
    • 4.8 Final notes
  • 5. RECOMMENDATIONS
    • 5.1 Recognition of the indigenous condition, documentation and community reinforcement
    • 5.2 Institutional aspects of governance and dialogue
    • 5.3 Shelter reception and exit strategies
    • 5.4 Access to education
    • 5.5 Access to health
    • 5.6 Social assistan
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