Assessing the Evidence: Climate Change and Migration in Peru

Nombre de pages: 
260
E-ISBN: 
978-92-9068-882-2
Année: 
2021
Disponible en Spanish
Électronique copie seulement
Description: 

People across Peru are vulnerable and exposed to a wide range of hazards, and studies demonstrate that these hazards are key drivers of migration in the country. Hydrometeorological hazards resulting in excessive amounts of water (in such forms as torrential rainfalls and floods) – or the lack thereof (in the form of, for example, drought or glacier retreat) – are particularly salient to migration. Climate change has intensified these hazards and will continue to do so, possibly resulting in new and unparalleled impacts on migration.

IOM and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research have partnered to produce this report, which seeks to shed light on the available evidence on the environment, climate change and migration nexus in Peru. The study puts into perspective various climate risks and hazards that affect communities in the country’s main topographical zones: the coast, the highlands, and the rainforest or jungle. The report provides a systematic review of the complex interaction between climate and other factors driving migration in the country. It discusses the necessity to understand climate migration patterns and improve planning and policies in the short term to the mid-term, in view of several “no-analog threats” – that is, those with unprecedented, large impacts – that could occur towards the end of the century.

Table des matières: 
  • Foreword by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
  • Foreword by the International Organization for Migration
  • Acknowledgements
  • Figures, tables and text boxes
  • Acronyms
  • Executive summary
  • 1. Introduction
    • 1.1. Setting the scene
    • 1.2. Research approach
    • 1.3. Analytical Framework
    • 1.4. Country context
      • 1.4.1. Geography
      • 1.4.2. Economy and livelihoods
      • 1.4.3. Political system, social conflicts and (in)security
      • 1.4.4. Country context: A summary
  • 2. The climate change, environment and human mobility nexus
    • 2.1. General demography
      • 2.1.1. Population size and structure
      • 2.1.2. International migration
      • 2.1.3. Internal migration
      • 2.1.4. Internal displacement
      • 2.1.5. Demography: A summary
    • 2.2. Human mobility in the context of climate risks
      • 2.2.1. The coast
      • 2.2.2. Highlands
      • 2.2.3. Amazon lowlands
      • 2.2.4. Climate risks and human mobility: A summary
  • 3. Analysis of risks related to climate change in Peru
    • 3.1. Climate trends, projections and exposure to hazards
    • 3.1.1. Observed temperature and rainfall trends
    • 3.1.2. Future temperature and rainfall trends
    • 3.1.3. Extreme temperatures
    • 3.1.4. Glacier retreat
    • 3.1.5. Droughts
    • 3.1.6. Intense rainfall and floods
    • 3.1.7. Sea-level rise 
    • 3.2. El Niño and coastal El Niño
    • 3.2.1. El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO)
    • 3.2.2. El Niño Southern Oscillation hazards
    • 3.2.3. Coastal El Niño
    • 3.3. Vulnerability analysis
    • 3.3.1. Overall human development
    • 3.3.2. Poverty and deprivations
    • 3.3.3. General inequality
    • 3.3.4. Social inequalities
    • 3.4. Impacts on agriculture and food security
    • 3.4.1. Crop production
    • 3.4.2. Livestock production
    • 3.4.3. Fisheries
    • 3.4.4. Food security
    • 3.5. Climate risks: A summary
  • 4. Policy analysis
    • 4.1. Constitutional provisions
    • 4.2. Frameworks on migration and displacement
      • 4.2.1. Across borders
      • 4.2.2. Within the country
    • 4.3. Frameworks on disaster risk management and planned relocation
      • 4.3.1. International
      • 4.3.2. National
    • 4.4. Frameworks on climate change
      • 4.4.1. Commitments to international processes
      • 4.4.2. National climate change policies
    • 4.5. Other Sectoral and cross-cutting frameworks
      • 4.5.1. Agriculture and food security
      • 4.5.2. Development
      • 4.5.3. Environment
      • 4.5.4. Forests
      • 4.5.5. Gender
      • 4.5.6. Health
    • 4.6. Policy analysis: A Summary
  • 5. Recommendations
    • 5.1. Refining laws and policies
    • 5.2. Filling research gaps
    • 5.3. Improving data
  • 6. Conclusion
  • Glossary
  • Bibliography
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