This study deals with the voluntary or forced return of rejected applicants for international protection from Austria. In particular, the study describes the relationship between the asylum procedure and the return of rejected asylum-seekers. Further, the study elaborates on challenges to the return of rejected asylum-seekers and how these challenges may be overcome or mitigated. Another main topic are rejected asylum-seekers who cannot be removed for the time being. Additionally, the study discusses practices and policies in Austria that may be regarded as good practices.