The study provides an overview of national labour migration policies and analyses whether they are linked to identified labour shortages, and, if so, in what way. It further investigates the instruments used to identify labour shortages and the need for labour migration, such as lists of shortage occupations. A special focus in this regard is placed on the role of the social partners. This is followed by a presentation of the results of the application of those instruments, i.e. current labour shortages and the need for labour migration in Austria.