Addressing Human Trafficking and Exploitation in Times of Crisis
Trafficking in persons and other forms of exploitation occur in times of crisis yet remain largely overlooked in the context of humanitarian response. This briefing document provides contemporary, evidence-based findings indicating that trafficking in persons is not a side effect of crises but is often directly interrelated.
Based on fieldwork that assessed ongoing crises in Iraq and Libya, as well as case studies of man-made and environmental crises in Indonesia, the Philippines, the Mediterranean and more, the briefing document draws on over 120 expert interviews and provides a 20-year reflective analysis of various crises dating back from the 1990s.
The briefing offers a number of recommendations for States, the humanitarian community and the donor community to ensure that counter-trafficking and the protection of vulnerable migrants no longer remain at the margins of humanitarian response efforts.
- Part I: Human trafficking and exploitation in times of crisis
- Why human trafficking is overlooked in times of crisis
- Part II: Summary of case study key findings
- Armed conflicts
- Natural disasters
- Mixed flows in complex settings
- Part III: Analysis: Nexus between trafficking and crisis settings
- Risk factors for vulnerable populations
- Protection gap
- Part IV: Recommended response strategy
- Shared responsibility
- Specific parameters of response: before, during and after