Investigating Human Trafficking Cases Using a Victim-centred Approach: A Trainer’s Manual on Combating Trafficking in Persons for Capacity-building of Law Enforcement Officers in Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago

Nombre de pages: 
114
Année: 
2018
Électronique copie seulement
Description: 

This guidebook – titled Investigating Human Trafficking Cases Using a Victim-centred Approach: A Trainer’s Manual on Combating Trafficking in Persons for Capacity-building of Law Enforcers in Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago – was carefully designed by the staff of the International Organization for Migration mission office in Jamaica, who cumulatively possess over 16 years of knowledge and experience managing human trafficking cases in the Caribbean and training government and non-governmental stakeholders on trafficking in persons in the above four Caribbean countries.  

The Trainer’s Manual provides a practical and comprehensive methodology for trainers and migration experts to impart to law enforcement officers knowledge of fighting human trafficking that is specific to the contexts of Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago, yet expansive enough for application to the entire Caribbean. The institutionalization of this Trainer’s Manual and the application of knowledge herein will guarantee that the victim’s physical and psychological integrity is never compromised during interactions with law enforcement officers – from victim identification through to their return/repatriation and reintegration into society. 
 

Table des matières: 
  • PREFACE
  • LIST OF ACRONYMS
  • MODULE 1: BASIC CONCEPTS
    • 1.1. Definition
      • Universal Declaration of Human Rights
      • What Is Trafficking in Persons?
        • Definition
    • 1.2. Child Trafficking
      • Understanding the Definition
    • 1.3. Types of Exploitation
    • 1.4. Trafficking versus Smuggling
      • Migrant Smuggling
        • Similarities and Differences
          • Similarities
          • Differences
    • 1.5. Root Causes and Consequences
      • Root Causes
      • Consequences of Trafficking in Persons
    • 1.6. Coercion and Control Mechanisms
      • Debt Bonding
      • Isolation Removal of Identity and/or Travel Document
      • Isolation Linguistic and Social
      • Use of Violence and Fear
      • Use and Threat of Reprisals against Victims’ Families
      • Disorientation
    • 1.7. Global Regional and National Trends
      • Global Trends
      • Regional and National Trends
  • MODULE 2: LEGAL FRAMEWORK
    • 2.1. International Legal Instruments
      • Other International Conventions
    • 2.2. National Legislation
      • Overview
        • Maximum Penalties
        • Legislative Rights of Victims of Trafficking
        • Other Criminal Offences
      • Key Terms
  • MODULE 3: VICTIM IDENTIFICATION AND SCREENING
    • 3.1. Victim Identification
    • 3.2. Indicators
      • Source and Transit Locations
      • Destination Countries
      • General Indicators
    • 3.3. Special Considerations
      • Gender Considerations
      • Child Rights Considerations
    • 3.4. Role of Immigration
      • Surveillance
      • Internal Control
      • Screening and Reporting Suspected Cases
      • Regularizing Immigration Status
      • Participating in Prosecutorial Efforts
    • 3.5. Screening Forms and Screening Interviews
      • Pre-interview Assessment Indicators
      • The PEACE Model for Screening Interviews
    • Planning and Preparation
    • Engaging and Explaining
      • Account
      • Closure
      • Evaluation
    • Screening Interviews for Minors
    • Limitations of Screening
  • MODULE 4: INTERVIEW VICTIMS
    • 4.1. Pre-interview Assessment
    • 4.2. Interview Preparation (P)
      • The Interview Team
        • Interview Partners
    • 4.3. Interview Techniques and Questions
      • Engage and Explain (E)
        • Engagement Phase
      • Account (A)
        • Account/Free Recall
        • Questioning
      • C losure (C)
      • Evaluation (E)
    • 4.4. Interviewing Child Victims
    • 4.5. Using Interpreters
  • MODULE 5: VICTIM PROTECTION AND VICTIM RIGHTS
    • 5.1. Risk Assessment
      • Categories of Victims at Risk
      • Questions and Indicators
        • Questions
        • Indicators
      • Voluntary Repatriation of Victims
    • 5.2. Protection Measures for Victim-Witnesses
      • Victim Rights
      • Protection of Personal Safety
      • Protection of Psychological Well-being
    • 5.3. Supporting Victims during the Criminal Justice Process
      • The Special Case of Children
    • 5.4. Direct Assistance and Referrals
      • Direct Assistance
      • Referrals
    • 5.5. The Role of Criminal Justice Practitioners
      • Coordination between Law Enforcement and Prosecutors
      • Steps for Effective Case Management
      • Preparation and Presentation of Cases in the Court of Law
  • MODULE 6: INVESTIGATION
    • 6.1. Types and Sources of Intelligence
      • Open-Source, Closed-Source and Classified Information
        • Types and Sources of Evidence
    • 6.2. Investigation Approaches
      • Dual Investigation Approach
    • 6.3. Evidence-gathering
      • Evidence to Be Gathered
      • Abuse of Power or a Position of Vulnerability
      • Achilles Heel Rule
    • 6.4. International Cooperation and Joint Investigation Teams
      • United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
        • Mutual Legal Assistance
        • Joint Investigations
      • United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children
      • Informal Police-to-Police Cooperation
      • Corruption
  • MODULE 7: COURT PROCEEDINGS
    • 7.1. Court Tips
      • Preparing Evidence
        • Preparing Victims and Witnesses
  • CONCLUSION
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • ANNEXES
    • I. List of Human Rights
    • II. Select Human Rights
    • III. Case Study: Petrolandian Migrants A
    • IV. Case Study: Petrolandian Migrants B
    • V. Case Study: Petrolandian Migrants C
    • VI. Case Study: Petrolandian Migrants D
    • VII. Participant Instruction Sheet – Petrolandian Migrants
    • VIII. Charge Sheet
    • IX. List of National Legislation Applicable to Cases of Trafficking in Persons
    • X. Evaluation Sheet
    • XI. Training Curriculum
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