International migration from the South towards other regions is often simplified as South-North (or low-income to high-income) movements (De Haas, 2007; Minvielle, 2010). Reality is indeed much more complex and new and atypical extraregional migration corridors between Southern regions rapidly emerge. This Background Note aims to provide a general overview of the current major South–South extraregional migration patterns and corridors.

After presenting some data on current extraregional migration trends, the paper highlights possible implications of extraregional movements by looking at few available country examples of mobility among Latin America and the Caribbean, Africa and Asia. Finally, some recommendations and good practices are being pointed out both at research and policy level.