Shedding light on the South

Migrant profiles and the impact of migration on human development in Cameroon

Number of Pages: 
172
Year: 
2013
Available in French
Electronic copy only
Description: 

What is the impact of South-South migration on human development in Cameroon? What are the profiles of Cameroonian migrants?

This study highlights that Cameroonian migrants are mainly young adults and men. Most return migrants come from African countries,and Africa remains the first destination for Cameroonians emigrants. Slightly more than half of them send remittances to their household in Cameroon, and the formal remittances agencies remain the most often used means for the transfer of money. Thus, the study reveals that the presence of a migrant abroad has a significant impact on household food, education, health expenditure and on savings, as well as on the participation of household members in the labour market.

This study recommends taking into account the South–South perspectives and the study findings in the ongoing development of a national migratory policy in Cameroon, which would facilitate migrants’ participation in local development initiatives and the management of return migration.

Table of contents: 
  • List of abbreviations
  • List of tables and figures
  • Executive summary
  • Résumé exécutif
  • Resumo executivo
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Context of the study
    • 2.1 General context of international migration in Cameroon
    • 2.2 Sources of data on migration and development in Cameroon
  • 3. Methodology
    • 3.1 The quantitative survey
    • 3.2 The qualitative survey
    • 3.3 Definition of terms and concepts
  • 4. International migration and development in Cameroon
    • 4.1 International migration as an issue of political debate and development
    • 4.2 Contribution of migrants to development
    • 4.3 Migration and sociofamilial dynamics
  • 5. International emigrants and their impacts on human development in Cameroon
    • 5.1 Profile of absent migrants and reasons for migration
    • 5.2 Consequences of emigration
    • 5.3 Profile of absent migrants and amount of transfers
    • 5.4 Impacts of emigration of household members and remittance transfers
  • 6. International return migrants and their impact on human development in Cameroon
    • 6.1 Profile of return migrants and reason for migration
    • 6.2 Consequences of return migration
    • 6.3 Impact of migration
  • 7. International immigrants and their impact on human development in Cameroon
    • 7.1 Profile of immigrants and reason for migration
    • 7.2 Consequences of emigration
    • 7.3 Impact of migration
  • 8. Opinions on migration
    • 8.1 Overview of the impact of migration on development
    • 8.2 Perception of the impact of immigration on the quality of life
    • 8.3 Perception of immigration impact on quality of life
    • 8.4 Perception of the impact of refugees on the quality of life
    • 8.5 Opinions on migration
    • 8.6 Current policies and priority actions on migration and their impact on national life
  • 9. Bibliography
  • 10. Annexes