New country, new needs, new responses: Irregular labour migration to Timor-Leste

Number of Pages: 
104
Year: 
2014
Available in Portuguese
Electronic copy only
Description: 

Since its independence, Timor-Leste has been receiving both regular and irregular migrants, mainly from Asian countries, to work in the construction, commerce and service sectors. Although an institutional framework has been developed to respond to migration management challenges, some shortcomings still exist.

The study emphasizes the fundamental importance of developing a strategic approach to migration and its role in development. This involves establishing priorities in terms of demand for skilled and non-skilled foreign workers and creating appropriate channels for them to stay in the country. Additionally, given the cases of migrant women and men in situations of forced labour, the legal framework should be strengthened in order to protect victims as well as prevent and combat human trafficking.

Table of contents: 
  • List of acronyms
  • List of tables and figures
  • Executive summary
  • Sumário executivo
  • Résumé analytique
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Methodology
    • 2.1 Instruments of data collection.
    • 2.2 Selection of participants
    • 2.3 Fieldwork
  • 3. Literature review
    • 3.1 Theoretical approaches to migration
    • 3.2 Irregular migration
    • 3.3 Irregular migration in the Asia-Pacific Region
  • 4. Migration in Timor-Leste
    • 4.1 Socioeconomic context
    • 4.2 Migration flows in Timor-Leste
    • 4.3 Legal framework of migration
    • 4.4 Migration management institutional framework
    • 4.5 Characterization of the foreign population in Timor-Leste
    • 4.6 Choosing Timor-Leste as a destination country
    • 4.7 Irregular labour migration in Timor-Leste
    • 4.8 Migration paths and legal status
    • 4.9 Socioeconomic situation of migrants in Timor-Leste
    • 4.10 Human trafficking in Timor-Leste
    • 4.11 Migration trends
    • 4.12 Impacts of migration on development
  • 5. Conclusion
  • 6. Recommendations
    • 6.1 Government
    • 6.2 Civil society
    • 6.3 Universities and research centers
  • 7. Bibliography
  • 8. Annexes