Migration and HIV in the Republic of Belarus

Number of Pages: 
100
Year: 
2018
Electronic copy only
Description: 

This publication presents the results of a study conducted by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in the Republic of Belarus in 2018 within the project “Study on nexus between migration and HIV in Belarus” with financial support from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).

One of the key purposes of the study was  to identify the level of awareness of HIV and its routes of transmission among the target groups: 1) international drivers, 2) foreign students, and 3) working migrants. Awareness was shown to be low among the focus groups. Low awareness in its turn leads to higher behavioral risks.

The results point to a need for large-scale innovative preventive activities aimed at informing the target groups about the risks and safety measures. Moreover, the study has revealed that migrants face certain difficulties in accessing HIV testing and ARV treatment services, that needs to be addressed through the effective policies.

Table of contents: 
  • Table of Contents:
  • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
  • CHAPTER 1. OVERVIEW
    • 1.1. HIV in Belarus
    • 1.2. Measures to prevent and treat HIV
    • 1.3. Migration situation
    • 1.4. Unsolved issues
  • CHAPTER 2. METHODOLOGY
    • 2.1. Data collection method
    • 2.2. The sample population of the study
    • 2.3. Limitations of the study
    • 2.4. Ethical considerations
  • CHAPTER 3. RESULTS OF THE QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
    • 3.1. Results of the survey of persons who leave to work outside Belarus (international drivers)
    • 3.2. Focus group results among persons who work outside Belarus (international drivers)
    • 3.3. Results of the survey of international students studying at universities in the Republic of Belarus
    • 3.4. Focus groups results among international students
    • 3.5. Results of the survey of migrants residing and working in the Republic of Belarus
    • 3.6. Focus groups results among migrants residing and working in the Republic of Belarus
  • CHAPTER 4. RECOMMENDATIONS
    • 4.1. Recommendations on the development and implementation of HIV prevention and treatment programmes targeting migrants
    • 4.2. Further research activities
  • ANNEx 1. MEDICAL ASSISTANCE TO FOREIGN CITIZENS AND STATELESS PERSONS
  • ANNEx 2. DESCRIPTION OF FOCUS GROUPS
  • ANNEx 3. SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE OF RESPONDENTS
  • BIBLIOGRAPHY